Home technology Type 97 90mm light mortar

Type 97 90mm light mortar

ninety-seven type mortarsh2>


Japanese Army in the infantry support weapons modeled after the German system to the main infantry gun for use mortars to take reservations. Before the 1930s, although there are "ten year" type mortars in the Army, but the design is the beginning of the First World War mortar structure, too heavy for infantry transport. In addition, the Japanese imaginary battlefield mostly good vision plains, performance infantry gun can basically play effectively, benefit Curved arms is not obvious. After the "Mukden Incident", the Japanese began to face the use of mortar. Because China's north or south China are mostly poor battlefield terrain mountains, hills and city, can not play an effective infantry artillery range. At that time, Chinese mortars army assembled more than the Japanese, appeared to support the superior firepower of the infantry in the Japanese situation. So the Japanese army in May 1937 began to design and development mortars, delivered in June the same year, the Osaka Arsenal trial conducted in November cannon trial completed in 1938 with the troops began to replace the "1992-style" infantry guns, and named one hundred ninety-seven style "mortar (Japanese called" 97-style "curved infantry gun)p>

mortars main performance parameters:.b>p>

The maximum shooting angle of elevation: + 45- + 85 degreesp>

maximum turning angle: 3 degrees centerlinep>

emission rate: 20 rounds / minp>

muzzle velocity: 196 m / secp>

maximum range: 2850 mp>

charge type: howitzer frame type: square plate type tripod gun carriage "97 style" service after the mortar, into the infantry battalion Territory artillery brigade team, prepare 2-4 doors due to the emission of smoke mortars and guns than "1992-style" small infantry guns, the weight ratio "ninety-four style" light mortars, front-line officers to give weapons to this section a good evaluation.p>

Unlike front-line recognition, the upper unit there are objections, mainly because of the high rate of fire ammunition consumption caused by the Japanese generals and consistent pursuit of tactical targets (with the lowest consumption of ammunition to achieve maximum victories) phase violated. in the upper interference, the Japanese army will not promote this weapon to all the troops, mainly army or the old type "1992-style" infantry guns to use mainstream, "97 style" mostly mortar allotment to second-line troops or client states to use; just front-line units in Marine Mobile brigade fire on the wing level is the use of all "97 style" preparation of mortars, mainly due to the lightweight mortars for amphibious favorable, but the Code in the Japanese to only a small number of exceptions.p>

basic introductionh2>

94-style 90mm light mortar type of modification, the use of very broad, southern battlefield in China, this kind of Japanese artillery the importance than infantry regiment Field artillery regiment mountain artillery or higherp>


service years: 1935-1945p>

diameter: 90.5mmp>

barrel length: 1217 mm (L13.4)p>

gun weight: 172.5 kgp>

with the kind: grenade, missile fire, smoke, chemical bomb , flaresp>

gun elevation angle: +45 to +85 degreesp>

projectile weight: 5.26 kgp>

ammunition muzzle velocity: 227 m / secp> < p> maximum range: 3800 mp>div>

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