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Stanford University



Basicinformation

Historicalevolution

Foundingperiod

StanfordUniversitywasfoundedbythethenGovernorofCaliforniaandMember’srailwaytycoonLelandStanfordandhiswifeJaneLathropStanfordjointlyestablishedin1891.TheuniversityisbasedontheirsonLelandStanfordJr.whodiedoftyphoidontheeveoftheirsixtiethbirthday(1884).Inthenameandtocommemorate,LelandStanfordoncetoldhiswife:"AllthechildreninCaliforniawillbeourchildren."

In1824,theoldStanfordwasborninawealthyfarmer’sfamily.,ServedasgovernorofCaliforniain1861;in1863heandhiswifeJennyestablishedtheCentralPacificRailwayCompany,andStanfordservedaspresident.

In1876,theoldStanfordpurchased263hectaresoflandinCaliforniaasahorseranch,whichwaslaterexpandedto3237hectaresandbecamethesiteoftheStanfordUniversitycampus;intheStanfordUniversitylogoandsportslogoThereistheimageofsequoia.

In1884,hisbelovedson,Stanford,diedoftyphoidfeverwhiletravelingwithhisparentsinEurope.AfterthegrievingStanfordcouplereturnedtotheUnitedStates,theydecidedtosharehissavingsof20millionU.S.dollarswithhiminPa3561hectaresoflandinPaloAltowasusedtocreateauniversity.

OnOctober1,1891,StanfordUniversityhelditsopeningceremony.Atthattime,newspapersinNewYorkpredictedthatnoonewouldgotothewestofthewildlandtoattendthisuniversity:"Professorswillbeinthemarbleclassroom.Lecturesontheemptybench,"Butonthedayoftheopeningoftheuniversity,therewasanunexpectedbusyschedule.Therewere559maleandfemalestudentsinthefirstsession,two-thirdsofwhomwerefromoutsideCalifornia.

ExteriorviewofStanfordUniversity(2photos)

In1893,theoldStanforddiedinhissleep.Misfortunesnevercamealone,andhispropertywasfrozen.Undersuchdifficultcircumstances,Mrs.Stanforddidnotintendtoclosetheschool.Shedidherbesttokeeptheschoolrunninguntilthefundingfreezewascompletelyliftedsixyearslater.Mrs.Stanfordsoldherrailroadstockandtransferred$11milliontotheuniversity'sboardofdirectors.ThecrisisatStanfordUniversityfinallypassed.PresidentJordansaid:"Thelifeanddeathofthisuniversityareallbasedontheloveofakindlady."

TheRisePeriod

Inthe1960s,whenitwasthesamepublicinstitutionintheSanFranciscoBayArea.WhiletheUniversityofCaliforniaatBerkeleyiswell-knowninacademicactivitiesandstudentsports,StanfordUniversityisstillunknown.Becausethefarmusedtotrainexcellentbreedsofhorseracingwasusedasthecampusoftheschool,andtheremotewestwasstilldesolateandclosedintheeyesoftheAmericans,peoplealsocalledStanfordUniversity"FarmUniversity"atthattime.

Stanfordtookoffafterthe1970s.Thisisalsoduetothelargeareaof​​Stanford,morethan8,000acres,andthelargeareaof​​spaceavailablefortheschool,sothe1951projectThedeanofthecollege(FrederickTerman)putforwardanidea-thisistheturningpointofStanfordUniversity:onethousandacreswillbeleasedtotheindustrialandcommercialindustryorgraduatedalumnitosetupacompanyforalongtimeataverylowandsymbolicrent.Theycooperatewiththeschooltoprovidevariousresearchprojectsandstudentinternshipopportunities.StanfordbecamethefirstuniversityintheUnitedStatestoestablishanindustrialparkoncampus.Thankstothissuggestionoftakingoutthehugegainsinexchangeofland,StanfordputsitselfattheforefrontoftheUnitedStates:"Thecompaniesintheindustrialparkopenedoneafteranother,andsoontheyexceededthescopeofthelandthatStanfordcouldprovide,andexpandedoutward.The"SiliconValley"(alsotranslatedas"SiliconValley),whichhasformedCalifornia’scutting-edgetechnologyandtalenthighland.StanfordUniversityissurroundedbytechnologygroupsandenterprises,andisassociatedwithhigh-tech,business,andpragmatismandpioneeringspirit.Thesetypical"Americanspirits"Establishcloseties.Withtheriseofthe"high-techbelt"onthewestcoastoftheUnitedStates,variouscomputercompanies,includingthe"darlingofthecentury"Microsoft,havesetupcampsinthisline.StanfordUniversityhasbecomemoreandmoreimportant.Sincethen,StanfordUniversityhasbecomethecoreofSiliconValleyandtheworld.Thecenteroftechnologicalinnovation.

Historicalevents

OnMay30,1894,theschoolawardedthefirstdoctoraltitle.

January25,1903,DedicatedtotheMemorialChurch.

OnFebruary28,1905,JaneLathropStanforddied.

OnApril18,1906,theSanFranciscoearthquakecausedalotofdamage.

OnMay23,1913,aschoolmedicalinstitutionwasorganized.

OnApril27,1917,aschooleducationinstitutionwasestablished.

April,1917Onthe27th,theThomasWeltonArtMuseumwascompleted.

OnJune20,1919,theHooverWarfundraiser(HooverInstitutionforModernWar,RevolutionandPeace)wasestablished.

1925OnMay15,theschoolconstructionprojectwasorganized.

OnSeptember30,1925,thebusinessschoolbegantoenrollstudents.

June16-20,1941,HooverTowerWascompletedtocelebratethe50thanniversaryoftheschool’sfounding.

In1946WallaceStegnerfoundedthecreativewritingproject.

September1,1948,theSchoolofBiologicalSciences,theSchoolofHumanities,theSchoolofPhysicalSciencesandTheFacultyofSocialSciencesmergedintotheFacultyofHumanitiesandNaturalSciences.

OnNovember6,1948,physicsprofessorFelixBlochbecamethefirstNobelPrizewinneratStanfordUniversity.

In1951,FrederickTerman,DeanoftheSchoolofEngineeringatStanfordUniversity,decidedtoestablishanindustrialparkonthecampus,rentingthecampuslandtothehigh-techcompaniesatthetime.Itisconsideredtobesuchamoment.ThisdecisionnotonlylaidthefoundationofSiliconValley,butalsocompletelychangedthestructureofStanfordUniversity.Forthisreason,hehimselfwashonoredasthe"FatherofSiliconValley."

August1959InOctober,theplanfortheradiotelescope"TheDish"begantobeimplemented.

OnJanuary1,1965,theDepartmentofComputerSciencewasestablished.

OnSeptember9,1967,theSLACNationalAcceleratorThelaboratorywasputintouse.

Thesocialethicsteachingprojectwaslaunchedin1987.

OnOctober17,1989,theschoolwasseverelydamagedbytheLomaPrietaearthquake.

October1,1991,the100thanniversarycelebration.

September1,1992,GErhardCasperbecamethe9thprincipal.

InMay1996,theStanfordGraduatesAssociationplanwasannounced.

OnSeptember25,1997,thepreparatoryclasswasopened.

OnMay18,1998,theClinicalMedicineResearchCenterwasestablished.

InSeptember1998,thealumniassociationwasincorporatedintotheschool.

InSeptember1998,theSchoolofScienceandEngineeringwasestablished.

InSeptember1998,anonlinemaster'sdegreecoursewasopened.

OnMay2,2001,theHewlettFoundationgave400millionUSdollars,whichisthelargestamountoffundstheschoolhasreceivedsinceitsestablishment.

PreviousPresidents

Asof2017,StanfordUniversityhasservedatotalof11Presidents:

Previousprincipals

TimeofServing

Mainachievements

Jordan

1891-1913

Strengthentheconstructionofthefaculty,theold"StoneAge"laidthefoundationforthedevelopmentofStanfordUniversity,andlaterbecamethehonorarypresident.

Branner

1913—1916

Insistingonthepolicyofimprovingteachers'treatment,theshorttermofappointmentwasduetotheretirementage(65yearsold).

Weber

1916—1943

Proposeanewgoal:tokeeppacewiththedevelopmentoftheworld.

1.Changetheratioofundergraduateandgraduatestudents

2.Encouragestudentstodevelopsports

3.Cancelthequotaforenrollinggirls

4.Resolutedeterminationtoreform

CuiJide

1943—1948

1.Plancarefully,runtheschooldiligentlyandthriftily

2,setupaplanningoffice

3.Laidafoundationforenrollmentexpansion

ShiDeling

1949—1958

1.Donationsreached329millionUSdollarsduringthetenure.

2.Expansionofteachingstaff

3.Expansionoffinancialresourcesandleaseofland

4.New"StoneAge"

5.OpeningBranchcampuses(Germany,France,Italy,AustraliaandtheUnitedKingdom,etc.)

Bitz

1959—1970

Thetermofofficewasshort,coupledwithhugepressure,politicalandeconomicpressure,in1970Resignation,duetotheshortperiodoftime,didnotmakemuchprogress.

Lyman

1970—1980

1.Activefundraising

2.Activeexpansion

Kennedy

1980—1992

1.Activelyraisefunds,raisingatotalof1.1billionUSdollarsin5years.

2.ConfrontingtheteachingreformandtheMinisterofEducation

3.Duringthetermofoffice,StanfordUniversityrankedintheUnitedStatesSecondplace

Gerhard-Caspar

1992—2000

clarifiedStanford’sconsistenttradition,putforwardtheideaof​​"universityisapublicserviceorganization",andEffortstoimprovethequalityoftheteachingstaffandstafftreatment.

JohnHannes

2000—UntilAugust12,2016

HehasbeenthepresidentofStanfordUniversitysince2000.MasterandPh.D.inComputerSciencefromtheStateUniversityofNewYork.ServedasDeanoftheComputerScienceDepartment,DeanoftheSchoolofEngineering,andVicePresidentinchargeofacademicsandfinanceatStanfordUniversity.ProfessorHennessiscommittedtotheinterdisciplinaryconstructionofbiologicalsciencesandbioengineering,andisknownasthe"fatherofRISC".

MarkThill-Lavigne

August13,2016—

Canadianneuroscientist,currentlythe11thpresidentofStanfordUniversity.Priortothis,hewasaprofessorattheUniversityofCalifornia,SanFrancisco,andthenpresidentofRockefellerUniversityinNewYorkCity.HeisthefirstindustryexecutivetoholdthepostofPresidentofRockefellerUniversity.HeisalsoamemberoftheScientificAdvisoryBoardoftheTreatmentofAlzheimer'sDiseaseFund.

School-runningstrength

School-runningphilosophy

Entrepreneurshipeducation:TheestablishmentofStanfordUniversitycoincideswiththeAmericanindustrialrevolutionandAtthetimeofhighereducationreform,thismadeitsschool-runningideasallengravedwiththebrandofthetimes,andalldisplayedthespiritofpragmatismandentrepreneurship.Atthebeginningofitsestablishment,StanfordUniversityestablishedadistinctschoolpurpose,thatis,"makewhatyoulearnisdirectlyusefultostudents'livesandhelpthemachievesuccess.Therefore,itspurposeistomakethecivilizationandprogressoftheentiremankindastheultimatebenefit.Activelyplaytheroleofuniversitiestopromotesocialwell-being;teachstudentstoabidebythelawandenjoythehappinessoffreedom;teachstudentstorespectandlovethenobleprinciplescontainedinthedemocraticgovernment-becausethesenobleprinciplesarederivedfrompeople’slives,freedomandTheinalienablerighttopursuehappiness".

DepartmentsandMajors

AsofOctober2015,StanfordUniversityismainlycomposedofsevenacademicschools:

Thecoursesthatofferundergraduateandpostgraduatecoursesinclude:

Thecoursesthatonlyofferpostgraduate(orprofessionalsubjects)coursesinclude:

SchoolofEngineering

SchoolofEngineeringMedicine)

SchoolofEarth,Energy〥EnvironmentSciences

LawSchool

SchoolofHumanities&Sciences)

SchoolofEducation

GraduateSchoolofBusiness

canprovidestudentswithBachelor'sdegree,master'sdegreeanddoctoratedegree,withawiderangeofmajors.Themainmajorsofferedinclude:AmericanStudies,Anthropology,AsianLanguages,BiologicalSciences,Chemistry,Classics,Communication,ComparativeLiterature,Drama,EarthSciences,AsianStudies,Engineering,economics,English,history,internationalrelations,mathematics,music,philosophy,psychology,religiousstudies,symbolicsystems,computerscience,chemicalengineering,civilengineering,electricalengineering,mechanicalengineering,engineeringphysics,environmentalengineering,Bioengineering,ComputerSystemEngineering,ProductDesign,UrbanResearch,ArchitecturalDesign,MathematicsandComputerScience,Aerospace,EnergyResourcesEngineering,ManagementandEngineering,MaterialsScienceandEngineering,BiomechanicsEngineering,GeologicalEngineeringandHydrology,etc.Wait.Itspopularmajorsincludelaw,businessadministration,andeducation.Theuniversitycalendaradoptsaseasonalsystem.TheautumnofeachyearusuallystartsattheendofSeptember,andthespringendsatthebeginningofJune.

FacultyStrength

StanfordUniversityhas1,534facultymembers,61%ofwhomhaveobtainedtenuredprofessorqualifications.Asof2020,thereare19NobelPrizewinners,1FieldsMedalwinner,163academiciansoftheNationalAcademyofSciences,101academiciansoftheNationalAcademyofEngineering,287academiciansoftheAmericanAcademyofArtsandSciences,and4Pulitzersamongthecurrentfacultymembers.Awardwinners,18NationalMedalofSciencewinnersand29MacArthurGeniusAwardwinners,etc.

NobelPrizewinner(onschoolwhenhewon)

LinusPaulin

ArthurKongberg

RobertHofstadter

AlexanderSuwoZhengyichun

KennethArrow

FriedrichHeike

Burton·Richide

MiltonFriedman

PaulBerg

ArthurSchwarzhaus

GeorgeStyler

HenryPeach

MikeLevitt

BrianKebirka

SudeHoff

ZhuDiwen

GaryS.Becker

WilliamSharpe

Researchreputation

Overallranking

StanfordUniversityranksamongthetopteninmanyUSandforeignuniversityrankingsAmongthem,theacademicrankingsofworlduniversitieshavebeenrankedsecondintheworldformanyyears,includingthe2019-20rankings.

Latestyear

Rankingname

Universityranking

Officialreferencematerials

p>tr>
World'sauthoritativeuniversityrankings

2021-2022

QSWorldUniversityRankings

(QSWorldUniversityRankings)

3rdintheworld

2020-2021

TimesHigherEducationWorldUniversityRankings

(THEWorldUniversityRankings)

No.2intheworld

2020-2021

QSWorldUniversityRankings

(QSWorldUniversityRankings)

No.2intheworld

2020-2021

USNewsWorldUniversityRankings

(USNewsBestGlobalUniversitiesRankings)

3rdintheworld

2020-2021Year

ShankeWorldUniversityAcademicRanking

(AcademicRankingofWorldUniversities)

No.2intheworld

2019-2020

USNewsWorldUniversityRankings

(USNewsBestGlobalUniversitiesRankings)

No.3intheworld

2019-2020

USNewsBestNationalUniversityRankingsintheUnitedStates

(USNewsBestNationalUniversityRankings)

No.6intheU.S.

2019-2020

ThamesHeightsEqualEducationWorldUniversityRankings

(THEWorldUniversityRankings)

WorldNo.4

2019-2020

TimesHigherEducationWorldUniversityReputationRankings

(THEWorldReputationRankings)

3rdintheworld

2019-2020

QSWorldUniversityRankings

(QSWorldUniversityRankings)

No.2intheworld

2019-2020

AcademicRankingofWorldUniversities

(AcademicRankingofWorldUniversities)

No.2intheworld

Inaddition,accordingtoForbes2010Theuniversitywiththemostbillionairescountedintheyear,StanfordUniversityrankedsecond,with28billionaires,secondonlytoHarvardUniversity.In2019-20,StanfordUniversityranked2ndintheForbesrankingofAmericanuniversities,6thintheForbesrankingofAmerica’sBestValueColleges,and2ndintheForbesrankingofAmericanuniversities.InJanuary2017,"TimesHigherEducation"publishedthe2017GlobalCEOAlmaMaterrankings,andStanfordUniversityrankedsecond;inNovember2018,"TimesHigherEducation"releasedthe"GlobalUniversityEmployabilityRanking".Ranking)”,StanfordUniversityranks5thintheworld.From2019-20,StanfordUniversityrankedthirdintheworldintheworlduniversityrankingspublishedbytheCenterforWorldUniversityRankings(CWUR).IntherankingofMoscowInternationalUniversity,itranks7thinboth2019and2020.Accordingtotherankingofultra-highnetworthalumniofuniversitiesin2019releasedbytheresearchcompanyWealth-X,StanfordUniversityrankedsecond,secondonlytoHarvardUniversity.Ranked4thinthe2020NatureIndex

SubjectRanking

StanfordUniversityranksamongtheworld’sleadingdisciplines,especiallyinstatisticsandoperationsresearch,electricalengineering,computerscience,medicine,andbusiness,Socialsciencesandotherdisciplineshaveworld-classacademicinfluence.

1)2019-20TimesHigherEducationWorldUniversityRankings(THE)SubjectRanking:

TechnologySubject

WorldRanking

HumanitiesandSocialSciences

WorldRanking

Self-heatingScience

3

Economics

2

LifeScience

5

SocialScience

2

Medical

5

HumanitiesandArts

1

ComputerScience

3

Laws

1

Engineeringtechnology

2

Education

1

Psychology

1

2)2015-16QSWorldUniversityRankingsbySubject:

Subjects

WorldRanking

Subjects

WorldRanking

Subjects

WorldRanking

StatisticsandOperationsResearch

2

Psychology

4

Politicsandinternationalrelations

7

ComputerScience

2

Medical

4

EarthandOceanSciences

8

MechanicalEngineering

2

CivilEngineering

5

ArtDesign

8

ElectricalEngineering

p>

2

LifeScience

5

anthropology

8

MaterialsScience

2

Chemistry

5

DevelopmentResearch

9

ChemicalEngineering

2

Laws

5

Philosophy

12

EnvironmentalScience

2

Modernlanguage

5

Architecture

23

PhysicsandAstronomy

3

Socialpolicyandmanagement

6

PerformingArts

33

MiningEngineering

3

Linguistics

6

AgricultureandForestry

None

Economics

3

EnglishLanguageandLiterature

6

DentalMedicine

None

AccountingandFinance

3

Sociology

6

Pharmacy

None

Pedagogy

3

History

7

VeterinaryMedicine

None

BusinessAdministration

4

Archaeology

7

Geography

None

Mathematics

4

Communicationandmediaresearch

7

NursingScience

None

3)2018-19USNewsUSMajorGraduateSchool(GraduateSchool)Ranking:

FromNaturalScience

NationalRanking

HumanitiesandSocialSciences

NationalRanking

ComputerScience

1

Psychology

1

LifeScience

1

EnglishandLiterature

3

Statistics

p>

1

Politics

1

Physics

1

History

1

EarthScience

2

Sociology

5

Chemistry

2

Economics

1

Mathematics

2

Criminology

None

USNewsMajorU.S.Occupationsin2019-20College(ProfessionalSchool)ranking:

ProfessionalSchool

SchoolofEducation

BusinessSchool

LawSchool

SchoolofEngineering

MedicalSchool

NursingCollege

NationalRanking

3

2

2

2

3

None

p>

Subjects

WorldRanking

Subjects

WorldRanking

Subjects

WorldRanking

StatisticsandOperationsResearch

2

Psychology

4

PoliticsandInternationalRelations

7

ComputerScience

2

Medical

4

EarthandOceanSciences

8

MechanicalEngineering

2

CivilEngineering

5

ArtDesign

8

ElectricalEngineering

2

LifeScience

5

anthropology

8

MaterialsScience

2

Chemistry

5

DevelopmentResearch

9

ChemicalEngineering

2

Laws

5

Philosophy

12

EnvironmentalScience

2

ModernLanguage

5

Architecture

23

PhysicsandAstronomy

3

Socialpolicyandmanagement

6

PerformingArts

33

MiningEngineering

3

Linguistics

6

AgricultureandForestry

None

Economics

3

EnglishLanguageandLiterature

6

DentalMedicine

None

AccountingandFinance

3

Sociology

6

Pharmacy

None

Education

3

History

7

VeterinaryMedicine

None

BusinessAdministration

4

Archaeology

7

Geography

None

Mathematics

4

Communicationandmediaresearch

7

NursingScience

None

4)2019-20AcademicRankingofWorldUniversities(ARWU)SubjectRanking:

ScienceandEngineering

WorldRanking

HumanitiesandSocialSciences

WorldRanking

Mathematics

4

Economics

8

Physics

2

Laws

8

Chemistry

2

Sociology

3

Biology

3

Psychology

5

ComputerEngineering

2

Politics

2

ChemicalEngineering

2

Finance

10

ClinicalMedicine

17

Statistics

2

Scientificresearchresults

Asof2015,thenumberofarticlespublishedbyStanfordUniversityinNatureandScienceis1108respectively,1459.In2010,scientistsfromStanfordUniversityandtheNationalOceanicandAtmosphericAdministration(NOAA)foundthatcrudeoilinterferedwithfish’sheartcells,slowedtheheartbeat,reducedmyocardialcontractilityandarrhythmia,whichcouldleadtocardiacarrest,cardiogenicSuddendeath,arelatedarticlewaspublishedinthe"Science"magazineonFebruary14,2014.In2011,StanfordUniversityresearchersdevelopedanewtypeofsingle-cellPCRmicrofluidictechnologyandusedthistechnologytotreathundredsofcoloncancers.Cellswereanalyzedforsingle-cellgeneexpression,andamapofhumancoloncancerheterogeneitywasobtained.RelevantresearchresultswerepublishedinthejournalNatureBiotechnology.

In1967,theSLACNationalAcceleratorLaboratorywasputintouseandmademajordiscoveriesinelementaryparticlephysics.Thisdisciplineprovidedinsightintothebasiccompositionofmatter.This426-acrefacilityincludesatwo-milelinearacceleratorandhasapproximately1,300employees.Asof2018,atotalofsixStanfordphysicists-BurtonRichter,RichardTaylor,MartinPerl,etc.-wontheNobelPrizefortheircontributions.prize.

InAugust1998,themostimportantAsymmetricB-FactoryattachedtoSLACbegantooperatewhenscientistsintroducedtwobeamsoflight-electronsandpositronsprojectedinoppositedirectionsthroughanundergroundring..Scientistsusethisfactorytoexposethesubtledifferencesbetweenthephysicallawsofmatterandantimatter.Thisdiscoverycanhelpexplainwhytheuniversecontainsfarmorematterthanantimatter.

Relyingontheschool’stalentadvantagesandabundantfundingandequipmentconditions,StanfordUniversityhasmadeoutstandingachievementsinscientificresearch.TheexcerptsoftheresearchresultsoftheNobelPrizewinnersareasfollows:

Name

Remarks

th>

FelixBloch

In1952,cooperatedwithEdwardPurcelltodevelopnuclearmagneticprecisionmeasurementThenewmethodandrelateddiscoverieswontheNobelPrizeinPhysicsin1952.

LinusKarlPauling

WontheNobelPrizeinChemistryin1954HewasawardedtheNobelPeacePrizein1964.HeisoneofthefewscholarsintheworldwhohaswontheNobelPrizetwice.Heistheonlyonewhowontheprizeintworespects.Heisknownasthe"FatherofBiochemistry."

ArthurKongberg

In1959,hewontheNobelPrizeinPhysiologyandMedicineprize.Thisyear,hesynthesizeddeoxyribonucleicacidDNA,butitwasinactive;forthenexttenyears,hecontinuedtoresearch,andin1967,hereplicatedactiveDNAinatesttube.

RobertHofsdart

WontheNobelPrizeinPhysicsin1961.Throughtheschool’slinearaccelerator,thechargedensitydistributionofnucleons,protons,andneutronswasmeasuredforthefirsttime.

AlexanderSuwoZhengyichun

In1970,hewontheNobelPrizeinLiterature.HeisoneofthemostfamousRussiannovelists.Hisworksinclude"FirstCycle","CancerWard","ADayintheLifeofIvanDenisovich"andsoon.

KennethJosephArrow

1972NobelPrizeinEconomics.HeandaBritishscholarjointlyestablishedatheoryofbalancedwelfare.

FriedrichHeike

In1974,duetoaSwedishScholarsjointlyestablishedthetheoryofcurrencyandeconomicfluctuationsandjointlywontheNobelPrizeinEconomics.

BurtonRichmond

WontheNobelPrizeinPhysicsin1976,Heandanotherscientistseparatelydiscoveredsubatoms.

MiltonFriedman

In1976,wontheNobelPrizeinEconomicsprize.Heemphasizedtheuseofmoneyasatoolofgovernmentpolicyandadeterminantofbusinesscyclesandinflation.HeistheleaderoftheChicagoMonetarySchoolandoneofthemostfamousandinfluentialeconomistsintheUnitedStates.

PaulBerg

In1980,hewontheNobelPrizeinChemistry.Hewastheearliestresearcherofviruspropagation,invadingnormalcellsandcausingthemtobecomecancerous.HedevelopedatechniquetocombineE.coliphagegeneswithSV40genesundertheactionofenzymesinatesttube.

ArthurSchwarzwald

TheNobelPrizeinPhysicsin1981.In1958,hepublishedapapertogetherwithhisbrother-in-law.Thepaperstudiedlaserandwasoneoftheinventorsoflaser.

GeorgeSteller

In1982,hewontheNobelPrizeinEconomics,specializinginEconomictheory,industrialorganization,publicmanagementandeconomichistory,etc.

HenryTaobu

In1983,wontheNobelPrizeinChemistry,InorganicChemistryMaster.

WilliamSharpe

ThewinneroftheNobelPrizeinEconomicsin1990,Theaboveishiscontributiontothetheoryoffinancialassetpriceformation,thecapitalassetpricingmodel.

GaryS.Becker

Thewinnerofthe1992NobelPrizeinEconomics,willThefieldofmicroeconomicsextendstothebroadareaof​​humanbehaviorandmutualinfluence,includingunintentionalbehavior.

DouglassNorth

The1993NobelPrizeinEconomics,ineconomichistoryTheresearchapplieseconomictheoriesandquantitativemethodstoexplaineconomicandinstitutionalchanges.

MartinPerl

The1995NobelPrizeinPhysics,inPhysicsforhisdiscoveryofthetaulepton.

DouglasOsheroff

The1996NobelPrizeinPhysics,inPhysicsforthediscoveryofsuperfluidityinhelium-3.

MyronS.Scholes

ThewinneroftheNobelPrizeinEconomicsin1997,inEconomicsforanewmethodtodeterminethevalueofderivativesRobertB.Laughlin.

ZhuDiwen

ThewinneroftheNobelPrizeinPhysicsin1997,pioneeredtheuseofThemethodoflasercoolingandcapturingatoms,formerUSSecretaryofEnergy.

RobertB.Laughlin

The1998NobelPrizeinPhysics,clarifiedAsmallamountofquantumHalleffect.

BrianKebirka

In2012,hewasduetoTheresearchinthefieldofco-receptorswontheNobelPrizeinChemistry.

Suderhof

In2013,wearecommittedtounlockingthe"synapses"(Synapse)mystery,wontheNobelPrizeinPhysiologyorMedicine.

MichaelLevitt

The2013NobelPrizeinChemistryThechemicalsystemhasdesignedamulti-scalemodel.

AcademicResources

StanfordUniversity’sresearchinstitutionsaresetupinTheuniversity’sresearchcentersandindependentresearchinstitutionsconsistoffourtypes.Thefourtypesofresearchinstitutionsincludeatotalof122researchunits,namely70centers,16laboratories(Lab),10institutes(Institute),andThereare25otherresearchinstitutionsincludingvariousprojects(Project),forum(Forum),program(Program),researchgroup(Group),amongwhichthereare12independentscientificresearchinstitutions,including5engineeringand7humanitiesandsocialsciences.Accordingtotheschool'sofficialwebsitestatistics,scientificresearchinstitutionshaveundertaken20%ofthetotalscientificresearchofStanfordUniversity,andmostoftheschool'sacademicactivitiesandprojectsareorganizedbyscientificresearchinstitutions.

OtherresearchinstitutionsaffiliatedwithStanfordinclude:SLACNationalAcceleratorLaboratory(formerlyStanfordLinearAcceleratorCenter),StanfordInternationalResearchCenter(formerlyonauniversitycampus,nowanindependentinstitution),HooverInstitute(Thinktankforpublicpolicyresearch)andtheHassoPlattnerSchoolofDesignandResearch(aninterdisciplinarydesignschoolincooperationwiththeHassoPlattnerSchoolofResearchattheUniversityofPotsdam).TheSovietUnionwasunabletofindacopyoftheMarch1917Pravda(firstissue)initslibrary,andhadtoaskResearcherHoovertoprovideanoriginalmicrofilmarchive.

Chinesename

Englishabbreviation

Establishedtime

Staffsize

Mainresearchfields

Basicoverviewof12independentresearchinstitutionsatStanfordUniversity

EdwardsLaboratory

/

1951

47

Quantumelectronics,semiconductorlaser,picosecondpulsetechnology,opticsMicroscopemethods,opticalfibers,superconductingmaterialsandtheirmicrowaveapplicationsoftware,etc.

HaisenPhysicsLaboratory

HEPL

1951

28

Astrophysicsandrelativity,engineeringsciencebasedonartificialsatellites,acceleratorphysics,emissionofelectronlasers,etc.

StanfordCenterforInternationalStudies

SIIS

/

295

Internationalissuesandchallenges,publicpolicyandothercross-disciplinaryresearch:Asia-Pacificdevelopment,environment,healthcare,internationalsecurity,EuropeanandAmericanstudies,cross-culturaleducation,etc.

StanfordLanguageandInformationResearchCenter

CSLI

1983

93

Intersectionresearchinthefieldsofinformation,computerandcognitivescience:computerscience,linguistics,logic,philosophy,psychology,education,etc.

JebergAdvancedMaterialsResearchLaboratory

GLAM

1999

36

Advancedmaterialsresearch:datarecordingandstoragematerials,computermaterials,electronicmaterials,magneticmaterials,materialphysics,composites,opticalphysics,etc.

StanfordInstituteforSocialQuantitativeResearch

SIQSS

1998

21

Usingquantitativeresearchmethodstostudyissuesinthefieldofsociology:theimpactofinformationtechnologyonsociety,educationanditssocialeffects,analysisoftheresultsofthecensus.

StanfordHumanitiesResearchCenter

SHC

1980

35

Humanities,history,philosophy,anthropologyandotherhotissuesincross-studies.

StanfordBio-XResearchCenter

Bio-X

1998

273

Interdisciplinaryresearchbetweenbiologicalsciencesandphysics,chemistry,engineering,medicine,etc.:biocomputers,structuralbiology,biophysics,biochemistry,biomedicalengineering,brainScience,nano,etc.

GlobalClimateandEnergyProject

GCEP

2003

25

Hydrogen,renewableenergy,cleanenergy,newtechnologiestoreducecarbondioxideemissions,energytransportationsystems,advancednuclearenergy,geographicengineering,etc.

StanfordInstituteforEconomicPolicyResearch

SIEPR

1982

54

Worldeconomicpolicyissuesandtheirimpact:corporate,government,fiscal,currency,labormarket,energy,environment,technologyandotherissues.

CafeliInstituteofParticleAstrophysicsandCosmology

KIPAC

2003

34

Gravitylensing,galacticclusters,probabilisticdataanalysismethods,generalrelativity,cosmicBraneworldmodel,blackholephysics,etc.

StanfordTeachingReformResearchCenter

SCIL

2002

56

Promotethebasicandappliedtechnologyresearchofteachingandlearning:improvethelearningabilityofbeginners,buildabeneficiallearningenvironment,andmaketeachingandlearningtransparent.

StanfordUniversityhasasolidfoundation,sufficientfunds,andabundantteachingequipment.Thereare30librarieswithmorethan8millionbooksandallComputerizedmanagement.Therearemorethan7,000computersforstudentstouseintheschool.Therearealsomultiplecomputerroomsandcomputercenterstoprovideservicesforstudents.StudentscanusetheInternettocommunicatewithteachersandstudentsintheschool.Therearealsogymnasiums,golfcourses,andswimmingpoolsthatcanaccommodate85,000people,whichfullyreflectsthebenefitsofalargecampus.

StanfordUniversityLibraryandAcademicInformationResources(SULAIR)hascollected9millionbooksandperiodicals,260,000rarebooks,1.5millione-bookfiles,1.5millionaudio-visualmaterials,6millionmicrofilmarchivesandmorethanathousandotherelectronicdocuments,makingitoneofthelargestandmostdiversifiedacademiclibrarylibrariesintheworld.

Culturalheritage

Schoolmotto

DieluftderFreiheitweht(theoriginaltextisinGerman,andtheEnglishisThewindoffreedomblows).ThissentencecomesfromtheGermananthropologistUlrichvonHutten(UlrichvonHutten)inthe16thcentury.TheChinesetranslationis:"Freedomisblowing."Subjectresearch.

SchoolEmblem

Theschoolflagdesignistheschoolemblem.StanfordUniversityislocatedinPaloAlto.PaloAltoreferstotheredwoodtrees,logosandsportsemblemsofSanFranciscoBay.ThereistheimageofSequoiainit.

Schoolbadge(2sheets)

Schoolsong

HailStanfordHail-StanfordUniversityAlmaMater

Wheretherollingfoothillsrise

Uptowardsmountainshigher

WhereatevetheCoastRangelies

Inthesunsetfire

Flushingdeepandpaling

Hereweraiseourvoices,hailing

Thee,ourAlmaMater

FromtheFoothillstothebay

Itshallring

Aswesing

Itshallringandfloataway

Hail,Stanford,hail!

Hail,Stanford,hail!

Athletics

OneofStanford’sbiggestsportscompetitorsistheUniversityofCalifornia,Berkeley,apublicuniversityintheSanFranciscoBayArea.Thisrelationshipisalsooneofthetraditionsofthetwoschools.Thetwoschoolswillholdarugbymatcheveryyear,commonlyknownasthe"BigGame".Eachrugbywinnerhastherighttoholdthe"StanfordAxe"trophy.ThisrugbygamewasfirstplayedinSanFrancisco'sHaightStreetParkonMarch19,1892.Undertheattentionof8,000spectators,Stanfordwonthegame14-10,anditalsoparticipatedintheRoseBowlforthefirsttimein1902..However,theviolencecausedbytheparticipantsandthespectatorriotsaftertheeventcausedtheSanFranciscogovernmenttoformallybananysubsequent"biggames"inthecityin1905,andtheStanfordschoolalsobannedallrugbyeventsthefollowingyear.The"biggame"from1906to1914washeldintheformofrugby,buttheeventwasfinallyresumedin1919duetotheimprovementofthegamemode.

Asof2020,currentstudentsoralumniofStanfordUniversityhavewonatotalof270medalsincluding139goldmedalsinallpreviousOlympics.SecondtotheUniversityofSouthernCalifornia(1,144goldmedals,309medals),aheadofUCLA(3,123goldmedals,233medals)andtheUniversityofCalifornia,Berkeley(4,117goldmedals,207Medals).

CampusEnvironment

StanfordUniversity’s8,180-acre(3310hectares,33squarekilometers)campusislocatedintheSanFranciscoBayArea.Thisisabout37miles(60kilometers)northwestofSantaClaraValley(SiliconValley),about37miles(60kilometers)southeastofthecenterofSanFrancisco,andabout20miles(32kilometers)northwestofSanJose.TheuniversityheadquartersisclosetoPaloAlto.,SeparatedbyStamfordAvenueandShashanRoad.Inadditiontothemaincampus,universityassetsarealsolocatedinotherperipheralareas.

TheuniversityislocatedinanareadesignatedbythecensusfortheheadquartersofSantaClaraCounty,anon-organizedarea.However,certainuniversityassets(includingtheStanfordShoppingCenterandStanfordResearchPark)areinthePaloAltoarea.Inaddition,SanMateoCounty(includingSLACNationalAcceleratorLaboratoryandJasperRidgeBiologicalReserve),MenloPark,WoodsideandPortolaValley,whicharealsonon-organizedareas,arealsoStanfordUniversity'sland.,TheUnitedStatesPostalServicegivestheuniversitytwopostalcodes:94305(usedforcampusmail)and94309(postofficebox).Theuniversitybelongstothe650codearea.

Famouspeople

tr>

Name

Remarks

HerbertClarkHoover

The31stPresidentoftheUnitedStates

WoLenMinerChristopher

UnitedStatesSecretaryofState

WintonCerf

GoogleVicePresidentandChiefInternetConsultant

KennethArrow

WinneroftheNobelPrizeinEconomicsin1972

PaulBerg

WontheNobelPrizeinChemistryin1980

ZhuDiwen

AmericanChinese,winneroftheNobelPrizeinPhysicsin1997,formerUSSecretaryofEnergy

EhudBarak

IsraelPrimeMinister,MinisterofDefense

LaiGermany

ThefirstfemaleastronautintheUnitedStates

YangZhiyuan

OneofthefoundersofYahoo,formerYahooCEO,ChineseAmerican

WangWenhua

Taiwanwriterandshowhost

LiuHongen

TaiwanJurists

FeiXiang

ChineseAmericansinger

SergeyBrin

OneofthefoundersofGoogle,RussianAmerican

Larry·Page

OneofthefoundersofGoogle

LiuZunyi

PresidentoftheChineseUniversityofHongKong,ChairmanofCICHongKong

FanchangChen

PresidentofHongKongUniversityofScienceandTechnology,AcademicianofNationalAcademyofEngineering

YuepengChen

DirectorofPolicyDevelopmentofHongKongHuixianThinkTank

LiZeju

LiKa-shing'seldestson

LiZekai

LiKa-shingsecondson

LiZhuocheng

FamousPhysicsScientist,biologist,andoneofthefoundersofdistributeddeeplearningalgorithms

TigerWoods

Oneofthemostsuccessfulgolfersinhistory

DavidPackard

OneofthefoundersofHP

Lerner

FounderofCisco

KriegBarrett

IntelCEO

Fernite

Nikefounder

MikeMusina

MLBwell-knownstar,playingfortheNewYorkYankees

DanMillman

AuthorofAthleteandPeaceWarrior

WilliamHewlett

Co-founderofHewlett-Packard

MeiRuao

ChineseJudgeoftheFarEastInternationalMilitaryTribunal

ZhangZhongmou

ChairmanofTSMC,Taiwanesemathematician,differentialGeometer

ZengYurong

ChineseTaiwanesemathematician,algebraicgeometer

HatoyamaYukio

FormerPrimeMinisterofJapan

TaroAso

FormerPrimeMinisterofJapan

MarissaMayer

TheformervicepresidentofGoogle’ssearchproductanduserexperiencedepartment

Tablo

LeaderofEpikHighEnsemble,KoreaSinging,CanadianKorean,BachelorofEnglishLiteratureandMasterofWriting

LoganTom

td>

TherepresentativestaroftheAmericanwomen'svolleyballteamsinceenteringthe21stcentury

AmberLiu

ThewifeofChinesetennisplayerZhangDepei,ChineseAmerican,economicsmajoratStanfordUniversity

HuangBoran

FounderofJingxuetangEducationGroup,OutstandingAwardofTopTenChineseYoungEducators

JinBowen

Chinesemathematician,Polly2012Sub-awardwinner

MaXun

CEOofapharmaceuticalcompany

RichardSherman

FamousNFLstar,playedfortheSeattleSeahawks

BrianKebilka

WinneroftheNobelPrizeinChemistryin2012

Suderhof

2013NobelPrizewinnersinphysiologyormedicine

MikeLevitt

StanfordUniversitybiologistMikeLevittwontheNobelPrizein2013ChemistryAward

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