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Hong Kong Internet Exchange



Introduction to the Center

HKIX is organized and operated by the Information Technology Services Office of the Chinese University of Hong Kong. It is an organization under the administration of CUHK and is located in the Biqiu Building on the campus. More than 99% of domestic Internet information exchanges are directly transmitted via HKIX without bypassing overseas, thus saving time and costs.

Hong Kong Internet Exchange Center (3 photos)

In 1991, Professor Kao Kun, then president of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, took the lead in connecting Hong Kong’s first route to the United States The Internet line of the National Space Agency started the development of the Internet in Hong Kong. In 1995, the University’s Information Technology Services Office established the "Hong Kong Internet Exchange Center" (HKIX) on this basis. As of May 2013, 173 Internet service providers or network organizations, as well as large websites such as Google Hong Kong, Facebook, Yahoo and Microsoft, have connected with HKIX.

Professor Cheng Bozhong recalled: "In the 1990s, Internet applications began to take off in Hong Kong, but at that time, connecting with the outside world through the Internet had to bypass some international networks, which was not cost-effective regardless of time and cost. So there are people It is recommended to set up an Internet exchange center in Hong Kong to support the mutual transmission of local data. At that time, the government was not very active. In view of this, the former principal Professor Kao Kun thought that CUHK should set up such a facility to support local Internet service providers." This is the historical reason why HKIX is managed by Zhongda.

Requirements

To join HKIX, the following requirements must be met:

1. Participants should have a major global Internet connection independent of HKIX facilities.

2. Participants should be able to exchange routing tables (or equivalent) with routing servers that use Border Gateway Protocol version 4 (BGP4) and set up by HKIX.

3. In addition to running BGP4 to peer with HKIX routing servers, participants also need to run BGP4 to peer with upstream/peer/downstream providers. This is to better manage routing. (Need to obtain the AS number from APNIC or other institutions. If they are single-homed, their upstream providers only need to send them BGP default routes.)

4. Participants must be self-sufficient. For example, they should have their own primary DNS, email, WWW and news servers.

5. The connection between the participant and HKIX must be 1Gbps or above

6. The data connected to HKIX must be provided by the participant

Related events< /h2>

According to the Hong Kong "Ta Kung Pao" report, Snowden, a former CIA employee of the United States, disclosed to Hong Kong English newspapers that the National Security Agency (NSA) has hacked computers in Hong Kong and Mainland China since 2009. The targets include The Chinese University of Hong Kong, public officials, corporate and student computers.

It can be seen that the NSA may have invaded important strategic resource facilities in Hong Kong, including the Hong Kong Internet Exchange Center and the satellite remote sensing receiving station, sounding the alarm for Hong Kong to prevent network intrusion and surveillance.

Snowden said that since 2009, the United States has conducted 61,000 infiltration operations worldwide, with targets including hundreds of individuals and institutions in the Mainland and Hong Kong. Then there was an analysis. Snowden was referring to the Hong Kong Internet Exchange Center (HKIX), which is located in Hong Kong CUHK and serves the local network data exchange in Hong Kong, and the key satellite remote sensing research facility in South China ─ ─ Satellite remote sensing ground receiving station .

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