The so-called "Fantasy" word originated from Huang Yi's work.
About 2000, a lot of online literature sprung up like bamboo shoots after a rain, and the style of literature is bizarre and traversing (shuttle time and space to another era, to another planet or even the universe, etc.), science fiction ( Including fantasies like the Japanese manga Doraemon that has no scientific basis, but the term "pseudo-science fiction" is not suitable), Western magic, martial arts (especially modern martial arts), or even adaptations of movies and animations, etc. , The appellation is complicated and chaotic, and it is difficult to qualitatively. Eventually it was gradually reduced to a vocabulary-fantasy.
Fantasy novels do not have strict boundaries with fantasy novels and science fiction. ) And readers of rigorous science fiction (such as: base, three-body) think that the partial science fiction and the partial fantasy works in the "fantasy novels" that have sprung up on the Internet should not be divided into these two types of novels, but many Strictly speaking, fantasy novels still have great overlap with science fiction and fantasy novels.
So, like Japanese light novels, fantasy novels are not a classification of a certain kind of popular literature from the content of the work. Her accurate definition should be: Internet literature as the main body and traditional meaning Novels published on paper media with similar content (on the background of unscientific supernatural or scientifically based imaginations that are out of common sense) are popular novels with certain differences in writing styles, writing attitudes, and readers, and their writing purposes More emphasis on entertainment and reading pleasure, the requirements for writing and the cultural connotation of the work are not particularly high; in the time category, the 1988 "Moon Demon" should be the starting point; the content will cover science fiction and fantasy novels , And overhead historical novels.
In "Cihai", there is an entry for "Science Fiction", but "Fantasy Fiction" and "Fantasy Fiction" are not found. This shows that "fantasy novels" and "fantasy novels" are popular new terms nowadays and have not yet been included in the "Cihai" entry.
Fantasy literature is divided into two categories, namely fantasy novels and fairy tales. As far as fantasy novels are concerned, they are divided into three major categories, namely science fiction, magic fiction and fantasy (fantasy) novels.
Science fiction is well known, and its fantasy is based on science. The first science fiction novel in the world was "Frankenstein" (also translated as "Frankenstein") published in 1818. The author was Mary Shelley, the wife of the famous British poet Shelley. Since then, Verne in France, Wales in the United Kingdom, Asimov in the United States, Bereyadev in the Soviet Union, Komatsu Sakyo and Shinichi Komatsu in Japan have created many excellent science fiction novels and become world science fiction masters. Science fiction has a long history and has become a mature style.
The fantasy of magic fiction is based on magic. With the help of magic wands, magic rings, magic, magic power, and spells, magic novels are infinitely changeable, magical, and full of magical charm. It is generally recognized that the British writer J.R.R. Tolkien (J.R.R. Tolkien) is the father of modern magic novels. In 1937, Tolkien completed his first work "The Hobbit". Although this is a fairy tale, it is also suitable for adult reading. Due to the good sales of this work, the publisher (Allen&Unwin) persuaded Tolkien to write a sequel. This encouraged Tolkien to complete his most famous work-the epic trilogy "The Lord of the Rings." The writing of this work lasted for nearly twelve years and was supported by Tolkien’s close friend C·S·Lewis.
The beginning of "The Lord of the Rings" resembles a children's work, but then the writing style quickly became serious and dark. "The Lord of the Rings" is one of the most popular literary works in the 20th century, both in terms of sales volume and reader reviews. Tolkien's important influence is that after the success of "The Lord of the Rings", the literary genre of fantasy novels developed rapidly.
"Harry Potter" by Rowling, a contemporary British fantasy female writer, is one of the masterpieces. The mysterious "Sorcerer's Stone" in "Harry Potter" shows the magic of magic novels to the fullest.
In addition to science fiction and magic fiction, it is the third category of fantasy novels, with the most names and the most vague definitions, but they are the most popular and popular in China today. This third category of fantasy novels has three most common names: "great fantasy novels", "fantasy novels", and "fantasy novels", commonly known as "fantasy novels".
Great Fantasy Novel
The term "Great Fantasy Novel" comes from Japan and is represented by the works of Japanese female writer Naoko Amaka. In Naoko Anfang's writing, "It is a fantasy country, a world haunted by elves, where there are fox windows, and the branches are covered with white parrots, and the girl’s soul can be heard crying... …" Some people call Anfang Naoko's "Great Fantasy Novel" "Contemporary Liao Zhai". Based on this reasoning, it seems that Chinese writer Pu Songling's "Strange Tales from a Lonely Studio" can be regarded as the originator of the "great fantasy novel".
The term "fantasy novel", as far as I know, comes from Hong Kong. The earliest fantasy novel I saw was Huang Yi's "Moon Demon" published by "Juxian Hall" in Hong Kong in 1988. At that time, "Juxian Hall" was also preparing to publish my work, and the publisher Mr. Zhao Shanqi gave me a novel by Hong Kong writer Huang Yi. Mr. Zhao Shanqi wrote in the preface: "A brand-new variety that combines metaphysics, science and literature has been announced. We call this novel variety "fantasy" novels." This is the first time the term "fantasy novel" appeared. With a clear definition.
Huang Yi's fantasy novels form a series, all featuring a character named Ling Duyu as the main character. Ling Duyu has a legendary experience. He grew up in Tibet, then studied in the United States and obtained two Ph.Ds. He also practices Tantra and has superhuman spiritual awareness. Therefore, many supernatural mysteries in the world have invited him to participate in the exploration.
Huang Yi’s series of fantasy novels, each with one hundred thousand characters, is printed as a compact pocket book. Because Huang Yi's fantasy novels pay attention to suspense, the plot is tortuous, and they show all kinds of peculiar realms of fantasy, so his series of fantasy novels quickly became popular in Hong Kong and Taiwan after the publication.
Huang Yi’s fantasy novels are called "a collection of metaphysics, science and literature". It is unknown how many scientific elements are in it. However, metaphysics runs through the novel, Zhao Shanqi said that "Huang Yi is a metaphysical master, who is good at Feng Shui, numerology, and astrological divination."
Of course, Huang Yi’s so-called metaphysics is only a shallow level of "feng shui, numerology, divination, astrology", not "Zhou Yi", "Laozi", "Zhuangzi" these three are called "three The "metaphysics" laid down by the "Xuan" book is also metaphysics.
Huang Yi's concept of "integration of metaphysics, science and literature" is not only an inaccurate representation of contemporary Huang Yi's works itself, but also a far cry from the current Chinese fantasy novels. It can be said that modern Chinese fantasy novels represented by "Legend of Little Soldiers" are not only without science, but also without metaphysics.
I think that modern Chinese fantasy novels just follow the body of the fantasy novel created by Huang Yi, but discard its core. In modern Chinese fantasy novels, the "Xuan" in it no longer refers to metaphysics, but can be interpreted as metaphysics.
Our ancestors gave the character "Xuan" a magical and mysterious color. Xu Shen's "Shuowen" is interpreted as: "Xuan, quiet and far. The word'Xuan' comes from Laozi's "Tao De Jing"'Xuan Zhi and Xuan, the door of all wonderfulness', and the words are deep and subtle." It is "Xuan" which means "secret and subtle." ", so it gave the fantasy novel a world of infinite imagination.
In "Ye Yonglie's Comment on Fantasy Novel Craze", I once said: "Fantasy novels are emerging in the contemporary era. Fiction is farther, from the perspective of creation, fantasy novel authors are more free to create than science fiction authors, do not need to be bound by scientific basis, and have more room for development."
Except for "Legend of Little Soldiers" , Fantasy novels such as "Fights Break the Sphere", "Missing Fairy Dust Life and Death Records", "Douluo Continent", "Aofeng", "Treading the Ancients", "Holy King", "Audience of War" and other works have also sprung up like bamboo shoots after the rain. In October 2004, I attended a seminar on "The Chinese Market of Fantasy Literature" in Beijing. At the meeting, the Oriental Publishing Center of China Publishing Group launched 20 kinds of fantasy novels with the signature "Fire Sky Car". The reason for the popularity of fantasy novels This is evident.
I noticed that "The Life and Death of Misty Fairy Dust", "Legend of Little Soldiers", and "Fantasy Novels" are often called "fantasy novels". The terms "fantasy novel" and "fantasy novel" are mixed and used interchangeably. This shows that the term "xuan" in today's "fantasy novel" can also be interpreted as "odd" and has nothing to do with metaphysics.
Unlike fantasy novels, which are limited to China, fantasy novels are also found in foreign countries, and they are often confused with fantasy novels, and even "Harry Potter" is also classified as fantasy novels. People trace the history of fantasy novels to Greek mythology at the beginning of the 19th century and even earlier. The masterpiece of foreign fantasy novels is the trilogy of "The Lord of the Rings" by British writer Tolkien. When Taiwanese translator Zhu Xueheng translated "The Lord of the Rings" into Chinese, the term "fantasy novel" has become popular in the Chinese world ever since. Zhu Xueheng founded the "Fantasy Culture and Art Foundation" in Taiwan.
There is no strict definition of fantasy novels. Taiwan’s Xu Qingwen’s opening manifesto for the "Muse Fantasy Museum" stated: "We need imagination, not to instigate escaping from reality and sinking into nothingness, but to encourage change of vision and expansion of our minds, and fantasy stories are unique. The mysterious nature and infinite fantasy space are the source of imagination.” This passage was once considered to give a broad definition of “fantasy novels”. In my opinion, the characteristics of fantasy novels lie in “oddness”. Miraculous, strange, strange, and peculiar fantasy runs through the novel. This fantasy has nothing to do with science.
In terms of history, science fiction is better than magic fiction, and magic fiction is better than fantasy and fantasy novels. However, the fantasy represented by "Illusory City" and the fantasy represented by "Xiaobingxin Biography" have far more influence than the "old" science fiction. Following the Xiaobingxin Biography, "Fights Break the Sphere" has become a masterpiece of fantasy novels. One. A book review wrote: "The big wave of magic books is surpassing science fiction. In less than three years, fantasy novels have sprung up again, subverting the dominance of magic novels at an astonishing speed."
Rejuvenation of the author
A closer analysis of the new fantasy and fantasy, I noticed the younger generation of the author and the younger generation of the readers.
Chen Siyu, the author of the fantasy novel "Aliens Proud World", is a sophomore majoring in radio and television in the Chinese Department of Chengdu University.
The author of "Legend of Little Soldiers" is not frequently exposed to the media like Guo Jingming, so people think that the author is a shy mm. In fact, the author Xuan Yu is a young man, born in 1980, only two years older than Guo Jingming. Xuan Yu lives in Heyuan, a small city in Guangdong, and has only read a teacher's college and worked as an art teacher in a middle school. He "finally found that the profession of a teacher was too unsuitable for him, and I was too lazy. Those of us all reversed day and night, working at night, going to bed during the day, and waking up until 11 o'clock in the morning." He began to write. He took the pen name Xuan Yu, the character for Xuan was taken from "Heaven and Earth Xuanhuang", and the character for "Rain" is "because I like the feeling of rain".
Xuan Yu began to write fantasy novels like this: "I loved reading novels when I was a kid. In 2000, I had nothing to do this year and read several sets of novels almost a day. Bookstores are rented on the street. I have read all of my books. When I can’t find a book, I start to read it online, but I have read most of the complete novels on the Internet, and I started contacting books written by Internet authors when I was bored. This is my first time. Reading fantasy novels gave me a completely different feeling from martial arts novels. There are all kinds of strange worlds and adventures in the novels, which immediately made me addicted. But what makes me uncomfortable is that these good-looking novels are all It is not finished, and the update is very slow. While waiting, I start to think about the plot in the fantasy novel in my mind, and take myself as the protagonist to adventure in the illusory world. At this time, I realize the plot in the novel and the hope in my imagination. The plots I saw were quite different, so I started to try to write the plot I wanted to see. That’s it, I started the days of typing on the keyboard."
I met the author of fantasy novels in Beijing. "Huo Tianche" learned that it was a writing team, with an average age of only 22 years old. Many of them are women. I asked about the creation of "Fire Sky Car", and they responded like this: A lady in charge wrote the overall idea, designed the characters, and then asked for writers on the Internet. Writers have used E mail to send their ideas. After these ideas were selected by the lady in charge, they were written and handwritten into fantasy novels. After being revised and polished by the lady in charge, it was published under the name "Fire Sky Cha". Because of this, "Fire Sky Car" created fantasy novels at an amazing speed, and dozens of them were released at once.
A few days ago, I was supposed to write a preface to the long fantasy novel "The Last Royal Family" by the Lanzhou author Fu Liangju. The author is also a young college student.
The younger generation of fantasy and fantasy authors is also true in Taiwan. The first-year girls of Songshan High School in Taiwan wrote five major parts of "Feng Dong Ming" under the name "Water Spring", which was published by Taiwan Spring Publishing Company.
I admire the younger generation of fantasy and fantasy authors. In fact, I am also a "juvenile writer". I published my work at the age of 11, became the main author of "One Hundred Thousand Whys" at the age of 20, and wrote the science fiction novel "Little Smart Wandering the Future" at the age of 21. I know that young people are full of youthful enthusiasm and full of strange fantasies. Fantasy and fantasy are youth literature. It is worth encouraging that so many young people join in the creation of fantasy novels and fantasy novels. As the reform and opening up have entered a deeper level, China has entered a period of relaxation, and the imagination of young people has been released to the fullest. Fantasy and fantasy are the vast world where imagination can freely gallop. The creation of fantasy and fantasy novels by many young authors just reflects the trend of the times.
The younger readers
At the same time, fantasy and fantasy are widely spread on the Internet, and the main readers of online novels are teenagers, so fantasy With the help of the infinite magic power of the Internet, Hexuanhua has attracted the attention of thousands of young people. In addition, the novel, beautiful, and unspeakable fantasy realm displayed by fantasy and fantasy novels is also loved by youthful and energetic young readers. Because of this, "Legend of Little Soldiers" will have such a high click-through rate, and "Illusion City" also shocked the Beijing Book Order Fair with a print run of 100,000 copies.
Fantasy and fantasy works have sprung up in China like bamboo shoots after a rain. I think that such "fantasy fever" and "fantasy fever" are gratifying. In the Xinhua News Agency’s Shanghai branch telegraph, “Ye Yonglie’s Comments on the Fiction Fiction Fever”, there was a passage: “Faced with the hot scenes of fictional fiction, Ye Yonglie bluntly said: “Fantasy fiction can inspire the imagination of readers, and this is exactly what What Chinese students lack. Therefore, the best-selling of fantasy novels is generally a good thing.'"
The report also wrote: "Ye Yonglie pointed out that the shortcomings of fantasy novels today are'eager to seek I don’t believe in slow work and meticulous work, but I don’t appreciate fast writing, which is only a commercial gimmick. The quality of novels must be the prerequisite. "Xuanhuan" also looks forward to high-quality products. Although fantasy novels are popular all over the country. However, as an important branch of fantasy novels, it also faces the dilemma of creation."
Name of the novel---Author
"Fights Break the Sky"——Ceremonial Silkworm Potato
"Martial Universe"——Ceramic Silkworm Potato
"The Great Master"——The Silkworm Potatoes
"The Tomb of God"——Chendong
"The Way of the Holy Way"——Yun Dongyang
"The Legend of the Emperor of Wind and Thunder"-the way of the cat boss
"Ao Feng"-Feng Xinglie
"The Life and Death Record of Misty Fairy Dust"-Xiaosong Xiyue
"Beast Blood Boiling"——Jing Guan
"Treading the Ancients"——House Cloud Wild Crane
"Gu Sage"——Cup with Zhang San
"The Evil Monarch in Other Worlds"-Wind Ling Tianxia
"The Story of the Vermillion Bird"-Cat Greasy
"Zichuan"-Old Pig< p>"The World of Mercenary"-Say No to the Master
" Say No to the Master"-Say No to the Master
"Bright Era"-Blood Red
"Sword World"-Riding Wind and Imperial Sword
"Full-time Jiading"-Blue Collar Xiaoxiaosheng
"Li Dao Ting"-Tiger Daoist
" "Tie Xueyunyan"-Pang Nawen
"Apocalypse Nine Heavens"-Wind Ling Tianxia
"Peerless Tang Men"-Tang Family Three Young Masters
" "Creating God"-Sky and White Crane
"Jiang Ye"-Cat Greasy
"Eternal Life"-Dreaming into God's Machine
"Fairy Demon Change"- Innocence
"Ice and Fire Magic Kitchen"-Tang Family Sanshao
"Nine Coffins"-Mountain and River Wanduo
"Invincible Lord"-Solitary Eye
"Biography of Odin of Hydra Continent"-Meizu Magic Sky
"Legend of the Other World"―― Piaoxian No. 1
Fantasy novels that are often said in contemporary times can be roughly divided into two types: Western style and Japanese style.
Western-style fantasy has the deepest roots. From "The Lord of the Rings" to King Arthur and the Round Table Warriors, to ancient Greek and Nordic myths, there are Western cultural imprints everywhere. This cultural system is very different from China, and it is almost impossible to communicate in many places. Due to the conceptual gap caused by cultural background, Chinese readers find it a little laborious to accept it. However, when it comes to admiration for heroes, the pursuit and appreciation of heroism, the whole world is common.
Western fantasy, usually divided into "mainstream fantasy" (Hign Fantasy) and "Sword & Sorcery" (Sword & Sorcery) two kinds, the former is more literary (such as "The Lord of the Rings") , The latter is more focused on adventure and combat, more like an "action movie."
Japanese fantasy is a product of fusion of Western fantasy and Japanese culture, and Japanese culture has the blood of Chinese culture. Therefore, compared to Western-style fantasy, Japanese-style fantasy is easier to win the intimacy of Chinese readers. Coupled with the display or auxiliary promotion of wonderful animations, Japanese fantasy can easily break a path in China.
Japanese fantasy, most of which is a combination of Japanese Bushido spirit, Western fantasy stories, Chinese strategic wisdom and so on. The cultural foundation is deep, many works are entertaining, and the characterization is often very dazzling.
Some horror novels, with modern life as the background, add vampires, werewolves, ghosts and other elements, can barely be classified into the fantasy category, or fall into the fringe fantasy category at the junction of fantasy novels and horror novels.
The so-called "historical overhead" novels are usually made up of a world or a piece of history, and then create legends based on this. The content of magic, witchcraft, gods and monsters is not much, and history is basically used The method of writing the novel, the ability of the characters usually does not exceed the limit of normal people. Although the "possibility" of this type of novel is not great, the "authenticity" is strong, and it can be regarded as a cross category of fantasy novels and historical novels.
Magic novel does not refer to "magic fantasy", but has a completely different definition, which is far from the concept of ordinary people's imagination.
Magic novels, namely "magic realism novels", are a literary genre mainly in Latin America. The creative technique of this genre combines the shocking reality with the illusion of vagueness and trance. Through the artistic brushstrokes of extreme exaggeration and the interlacing of the real and the false, the human affairs and the plot are weaved to depict and reflect the intricate historical, social and political phenomena.
Magic realism novels often use specious, paradoxical, and "change fantasy into reality without losing its truth". A typical magic novel, its salient features are: transforming real life; adding mysterious, magical and even weird content; with strong connotations of social contradictions and political struggles.
If realism is a mirror of society, then magical realism can be compared to a mirror of society. Although it is covered with a mysterious shell, it is still to describe the real world. It's just that it doesn't adopt realistic methods, but uses exaggerated and allegorical methods.
The biggest difference between magic fiction and the other three types of fantasy fiction is that it must be based on reality. Its "illusion" is to increase the mysterious atmosphere and strengthen the irony, and the core is still real life.
For example, in the famous magical novel "One Hundred Years of Solitude", if the "magical" content is removed, it can be combined with "Les Miserables", "War and Peace" and other works.
At the beginning of "One Hundred Years of Solitude," it was written that Gypsies were holding two magnets "...walking from house to house...iron pots, iron basins, iron tongs, and small iron stoves Falling in place, the wooden board creaked because the nails and screws broke freely...rolling behind the two pieces of magic iron"; the gypsies brought magnets, binoculars and magnifying glasses and other "fresh things", But two magnets need to be exchanged for a big mule and a group of goats, and the magnifying glass needs two magnets and three gold coins. In order to see ice cubes that they had never seen before, the residents had to pay five riyals each, and the price would be doubled if they touched it.
After reading the whole book, and looking back at this episode, you can understand that this is not about Gypsies at all, but a metaphor for the colonists' search for poor people. In "One Hundred Years of Solitude", such plots with strong allegory meaning abound.
Therefore, magic novels are not entertainment novels at all, but realistic novels with exaggerated appearance, profound and serious connotations, and reflecting social problems.
Fantasy novels can be said to be "fantasy novels with Chinese characteristics" that have only emerged in the contemporary era. Its creative principle is unprinciple, and its fantasy foundation is unfounded.
Because fantasy novels are basically a hodgepodge of Western fantasy, Chinese martial arts, Japanese animation, and science and technology.
Chinese culture is inclusive, any foreign things can melt into its embrace, and some new things can be derived or transformed.
This is the case for fantasy novels. Most fantasy novels take Western magic, Chinese martial arts and strategies, Japanese character modeling, plus science fiction, plus mythology (and often Chinese, Indian, and Greek myths coexist...) to construct magic World, wonderful story.
When it comes to fiction and fantasy, fantasy novels are the freest among the four types of fantasy novels. It writes about future science and technology, but does not need to be verified by scientific theory; it writes magic without researching the Western witchcraft system; it writes martial arts, but it is more magical and powerful than traditional martial arts, often exceeding the limits of human physiology...whether it is a virtual world structure , Or character experience, all mysterious and mysterious, unparalleled freedom.
But fantasy novels must have a premise, a non-traditional fantasy novel described with Chinese-specific conceptual thinking and Chinese characteristics (if there is no such restriction, "Saint Seiya" can also be regarded as Fantasy comics).
Fantasy novels are often scolded. Science fiction fans call it "crank thinking", and fantasy fans also call it "crank thinking". As everyone knows, the characteristics of fantasy novels are cranky, unprincipled and unfounded. However, this kind of wild thinking has its own theoretical system and settings, regardless of whether this system can withstand rigorous textual research.
Fantasy novels can be said to be completely opposite to magical realism novels. Magic is rendered by "illusion" and mainly writes actual events; fantasy is based on actual events as plot representation and mainly writes "illusion".
Among the four types of fantasy novels, fantasy novels are the most "fantasy" category. Because there is less restraint, I can sway freely and do whatever I want, and it is often joyful and exciting to read. Therefore, even though both "orthodox science fiction" and "orthodox fantasy" criticize fantasy, fantasy novels still have a considerable number of readers.
The reason why fantasy novels are popular is probably because the characters in fantasy novels are often extraordinary, have great freedom, and do whatever they want. For ordinary people, this is a kind of great happiness and relaxation-the most uncomfortable thing in life is not being able to do what you want, and fantasy novels give readers the opportunity to relax their minds and experience freedom. In other words, fantasy novels are "very enjoyable to read."
Fantasy novels, due to their own characteristics, are difficult to define exactly. Especially in Taiwan, the word "fantasy" is rarely heard, but it is called fantasy.
Many of the "fantasy", "science fiction" and even "wuxia" novels we have seen should actually be classified as fantasy. However, very few of the fantasy novels sold on the market are actually fantasy and science fiction novels.
Fantasy novels are difficult to win the attention of adult readers, but they are often enthusiastically loved by young readers. The number of fantasy novels is the largest, the average level is also the lowest, and there are rubbish works everywhere, so it often gives the impression that "fiction novels are very bad". In fact, fantasy novels also have excellent works.
For "orthodox" science fiction fans and fantasy fans, if you open your heart and evaluate without prejudice, fantasy novels can be regarded as a special category with value and will not disappear in the short term. , And will even grow stronger. After all, existence is reasonable, and the prevalence of fantasy novels has its social and psychological roots.
However, looking at contemporary fantasy novels, although there are often excellent works, there are no meaningful and profound works. Although they are successful in reading, they are not carefully tasted.
A good book is like a good old wine. Whenever you taste it, you will have endless aftertastes, and like tea, you will be in it. But there is no lack of profound writing and Taoist works, such as "The Tomb of God", "Ode to Witch", "Heaven Redemption", "Human Way", "Wishen Lu", "Misty Journey", "Legend of the Other World" and so on.
After all, I am a "retired" sci-fi veteran. Facing fantasy and fantasy creation is in full swing, looking back at the oldest "old" "Big Brother" science fiction, feels backward, must catch up.
The number of Chinese science fiction novels in the past few years is quite a lot, but the quality is mediocre and the business is bleak, and the number of prints usually hovering at the "maintenance line" of 5,000 to 10,000. . Furthermore, I want to talk about the most popular "Zhu Xian" in the past few years. It was very popular for a while, with good writing style, and unique and ingenious ideas. The people in the book summarized all kinds of people in the world, no matter which character is very good. There are characteristics. It looks very smooth and magnificent. It is one of the few masterpieces in fantasy works.
In fact, the level of science fiction creation in a country is directly proportional to its scientific and technological strength, because technological strength reflects the overall scientific quality of the nation, and the level of scientific quality determines the level of science fiction creation. I often go to the United States. In American libraries and bookstores, you can always see entire shelves of science fiction novels lined up there; among the blockbuster films every year in the United States, there are always several science fiction films. Whether it is American science fiction films "Star Wars", "The Empire Strikes Back", or "ET" ("Aliens"), "Jurassic Park", "The Fifth Element", "I, Robot", etc. And so on, have had a wide-ranging influence all over the world...All of this is a reflection of the scientific and technological strength of the United States. There is not only a gap between Chinese science fiction and emerging fantasy novels and fantasy novels, but also a gap with American science fiction.
Chinese science fiction novels should form a distinctive Chinese style. Today's Chinese science fiction is too deeply influenced by Western science fiction, and it is too "foreignized" and "westernized". This is also the reason why Chinese science fiction lacks influential new works.
Belonging to this family
There is no fantasy and magic in the real classification.
The theme of "fantasy" is a new thing, and it should be classified as fantasy according to common sense. However, the creativity and imagination of the Chinese people are really rich. If this type of theme is made into a single type, it is hard to see The division of fantasy into Chinese-style metaphysics "fantasy" and magical "magic fantasy" is not standardized.
Fantasy works are not just the subject of sword and magic. If If we continue to divide according to this line of thinking, metaphysical subjects are called fantasy, scientific subjects are called science fiction, and magic subjects are called magic fantasy. So should religious subjects, super power subjects, and legendary subjects be called Zong Fan, super fantasy, and legendary fantasy? In that case, we would be exhausted just to remember these categories.
And the real fantasy works, the naming category in its western birthplace only has the name of science fiction, which is science fiction; this The name is indeed not rigorous, because not all fantasy themes include science. After we arrived in China, we ourselves called fantasy novels containing science as science fiction, and the others were classified as fantasy. Other categories of fantasy It's too far-fetched and unnecessary.