Refers to an accident emergency rescue plan based on the predicted hazard source and dangerous target's type of accident and the degree of hazard. It is necessary to fully consider the specific conditions of existing materials, personnel, and hazards, and be able to coordinate and guide accident emergency rescue operations in a timely and effective manner.
The current emergency rescue plan needs to be compiled in accordance with the "Guidelines for the Preparation of Emergency Rescue Plans for Hazardous Chemical Accidents (Unit Version)" by the State Administration of Work Safety . The main content includes emergency team members, sources of hazards, emergency measures after an accident, and emergency drills.
Units producing, storing, operating, using, transporting, and disposing of hazardous chemicals within the territory of the People's Republic of China need to prepare emergency rescue plans.
⒈The emergency plan determines the scope and system of emergency rescue, so that emergency management is no longer unfounded and unruly, especially through training and drills. Make emergency personnel familiar with their own tasks, have the corresponding capabilities required to complete the specified tasks, and examine the plan and action procedures, and evaluate the overall coordination of emergency personnel;
⒉emergency plans are conducive to timely emergency response Respond to, control and prevent the accident from getting worse. The emergency action is very sensitive to time requirements and no delay is allowed. The emergency plan clarifies the responsibilities and response procedures of all parties to the emergency in advance. Preliminary preparation for emergency resources can guide emergency rescue quickly. , The efficient and orderly development will minimize the casualties, property losses, and environmental damage caused by the accident;
⒊Emergency plans are the basis for all kinds of emergencies. Through the preparation of emergency plans, It can play a basic emergency guidance role for those unexpected accidents that cannot be predicted in advance, and become the "bottom line" for carrying out emergency rescue. On this basis, special emergency plans can be prepared for specific accident categories and targeted emergency response Prepare emergency plans and conduct special emergency plan preparations and drills;
⒋The emergency plan establishes a connection with the emergency rescue system of the superior units and departments. The preparation of the emergency plan can ensure that in the event of a major accident that exceeds the emergency response capability of this level Contact and coordination with relevant emergency agencies;
⒌Emergency plans are conducive to raising awareness of risk prevention. The preparation, review, release, publicity, drills, education and training of emergency plans are conducive to understanding the problems faced by all parties. Major accidents and the corresponding emergency measures are conducive to promoting all parties to improve risk prevention awareness and capabilities.
Filing flow chart:
Defining the concept
⒈Emergency Planemergency response plan
For possible accidents, an action plan formulated in advance to carry out emergency actions quickly and orderly.
⒉emergency preparednessemergency preparedness
For possible accidents, to quickly and orderly carry out emergency actions in advance Organizational preparation and emergency support.
⒊Emergency responseemergency response
The emergency action taken by the relevant organization or personnel after the accident.
⒋Emergency rescueemergency rescue
In the emergency response process, in order to eliminate and reduce accident hazards and prevent accidents from expanding or Deterioration, rescue measures or actions taken to minimize the loss or harm caused by the accident.
After the impact of the accident is initially controlled, in order to make production, work, life and the ecological environment as soon as possible Measures or actions taken to return to a normal state.
Emergency plan is an action plan formulated in advance for possible accidents and for the rapid and orderly implementation of emergency actions. Therefore, , The emergency plan should be combined with the results of the hazard analysis
⑴For major hazards, major hazards refer to the long-term or temporary production, handling, use or storage of dangerous goods, and the data of dangerous goods equals For units that exceed the critical quantity, major hazards have always been the key objects of supervision of production and business units.
⑵For all types of accidents that may occur, it is necessary to deal with the All kinds of accidents are analyzed and compiled. Based on this, the emergency plan can be prepared to ensure the wider coverage of the emergency plan.
⑶For key positions and locations, different production and business units, and the same production and operation The risks of different production positions in the unit are often different. Especially in high-risk industries such as hazardous chemicals, coal mining, and construction, there are some special or critical jobs and locations.
⑷Target weak links The weak link of the production and business unit mainly refers to the shortcomings or deficiencies in the emergency response capability of the production and business unit in response to major accidents. In the process of preparing the plan, the company must deal with the production and operation in the process of emergency rescue for major accidents. Whether material resources, rescue equipment and other resources can meet the requirements and propose remedial measures
⑸For important projects: The construction and management units of important projects should prepare plans. These important projects are often related to the overall situation of the national economy and people’s livelihood. Once an accident occurs , The impact or loss caused is often incalculable. Therefore, emergency plans should be prepared for these important projects.
Emergency rescue work is a highly scientific work. The preparation of emergency response plan must adopt a scientific attitude, based on comprehensive investigation and research, implement the method of combining leaders and experts, carry out scientific analysis and demonstration, formulate decision-making procedures and handling plans, emergency response plans with advanced emergency methods, and make emergency response plans. Truly scientific
The emergency plan should be practical and maneuverable, that is, when a major accident or disaster occurs, the relevant emergency organization and personnel can follow the emergency plan. The required rapid, orderly, and effective emergency rescue operations to reduce accident losses
⑴Complete functions: The emergency plan should state the emergency preparedness that the relevant departments should perform, Emergency response functions and disaster recovery functions, explain the supporting functions that should be performed to ensure the performance of these functions
⑵The emergency process is complete, including the four stages of prevention, preparation, response, and recovery in emergency management.< /p>
3 The scope of application is complete: It is necessary to clarify the scope of use of the plan, that is, the scope of application of the plan may be expanded for different natures of accidents
Within the emergency plan Content should meet the requirements of national laws, regulations, standards and norms
⑴Easy to query
⑵The language is concise and easy to understand
3 Clear hierarchy and structure
Safety production emergency plans should be coordinated and compatible with each other
Pay attention to the comparison with emergency plansp>
The accident emergency rescue plan wall chart (6 sheets)