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Applied Psychology



Professionalanalysis

Duetotheneedsofpeopleinworkandlife,varioussubjectsrelatedresearchfieldshaveformedpsychologydisciplines.Withtherapiddevelopmentofeconomy,technology,societyandculture,appliedpsychologyhasincreasinglybroadprospects.

Maincategories

Educationandschoolpsychology

EducationalpsychologyisthestudyofeducatorsandeducatorsintheprocessofeducationandteachingThephenomenonofthepsychologicalactivityofthereader,andthebranchofpsychology,whichisthelawofitsgenerationandchange,isaborderlinesubjectbetweeneducationalscienceandpsychologicalscience.Educationdevelopswiththedevelopmentofsociety.Inordertomeettheneedsofeducationaldevelopment,thetasksofeducationalpsychologyhavebeenincreasing,andthescopeofresearchobjectshasgraduallyexpanded.Intheearlystagesofdevelopment,educationalpsychologyfocusedonthestudyoflearningpsychologyandthediscussionoflearningrules,andmostlyfocusedonissuesinintellectualeducation.Aseducationpaysmoreandmoreattentiontotheall-rounddevelopmentofpeople,italsopaysmoreandmoreattentiontothecultivationofmoralbehavior,moralemotionandaestheticemotion.TheAmerican"AnnualBookofPsychology"comprehensivelyagreesonvariousaspects,andbelievesthattheresearchtasksandobjectsofeducationalpsychologyincludeeightaspects:themeasurementofeducationalevaluation,thecharacteristicsofchilddevelopment,specialchildrenandtheireducation,andeducationaboutlearningpsychology.Methods,specialsubjectlearning,learningcounselingandmentalhealth,teacherpersonnelandteacherbehaviorthatfacilitatelearning,methodsofeducationalpsychology.

Mainlytosolveteachingproblems.Theyoftenworkoncampus,diagnoselearningandbehaviorproblems,andprovidecounselingservicesforteachers,students,andparents.Theyspendalotoftimeonpsychologicaltests,scoringtestquestionnaires,andinterpretingtestresults.

ClinicalandCounselingPsychology

Counselingpsychologyisabranchofpsychologythatstudiestheprocess,principles,techniquesandmethodsofpsychologicalcounseling,andhasobviouspracticality.Sexualityandinterdisciplinarynaturearenotonlycloselyrelatedtoeducationalpsychology,socialpsychology,developmentalpsychology,andmedicalpsychology,butalsointersectwitheducation,sociology,culturalanthropology,andmedicine.Thepurposeofcounselingpsychologyistohelppeoplewithmaladjustmentorpsychologicaldistresstoadjusttoandcontactwithpsychologicalconfusion,andtorebuildapositivelife.Itprovidesrelevanttheoreticalguidanceandpracticalbasisforsolvingpeople'spsychologicalproblems(psychologicalcrisis,psychologicalload,etc.)instudy,work,life,healthcareandpreventionandtreatmentofdiseases,sothatpeople'sunderstanding,emotions,attitudesandbehaviorsarechanged.,Inordertoachievethepurposeofimprovingphysicalandmentalhealthandbetteradaptingtothesociety,environmentandfamily.

Clinicalandcounselingpsychologistshelpthosewhohaveproblemswithsocialandemotionaladjustment,aswellasthosewhofacedifficultchoicesininterpersonalrelationships,careers,andeducation.Generally,psychologistswhohaveobtainedaPh.D.takeclinicalandcounselingpsychologyastheirmajors.Clinicalpsychologistsoftenworkindependently,andtheirworkincludespsychologicaltestingandlong-termpsychologicaltreatment.Counselingpsychologistsoftenworkforinstitutionsandschools,andhavelesstimeforindividualsubjects.

ManagementPsychology

ManagementPsychologyisasciencethatstudiesthelawsofmentalactivityinmanagementactivities.Ittakespeopleinorganizationsasspecificresearchobjects,Thefocusisonthesystematicstudyofpeoplewithcommonmanagementgoalsinordertoimproveefficiencyandmobilizepeople'senthusiasm.Today'smanagementpsychologyisbasedonhumanisticthinking.Howtomotivatepeoplehasbecomeanimportantcontentofmanagementpsychology.Accordingtodifferentmanagementfields,managementpsychologycanbefurthersubdividedintoadministrativemanagementpsychology,educationmanagementpsychology,schoolmanagementpsychology,businessmanagementpsychology,etc.

ConsumerPsychology

Consumerpsychologyiscloselyrelatedtosocialpsychology,sociologyandeconomics,andisbasedontheconsumerbehaviorofthegeneralpublic.,Thedisciplinethatstudiesthepsychologyandbehaviorallawsofconsumersintheprocessofpurchasingandusinggoodsisoneofthemainbranchesofbusinesspsychology.Consumerpsychologyinvolvesbothcommoditiesandconsumers.Product-relatedresearchincludesadvertising,productcharacteristics,marketingmethods,etc.;consumer-relatedresearchincludesconsumerattitudes,emotions,motivations,hobbies,sourcesofconsumptioninformation,andconsumptiondecision-makingprocesses.

EnvironmentalPsychology

Environmentalpsychologyisafieldofappliedsocialpsychologythatstudiestherelationshipbetweentheenvironmentandhumanpsychologyandbehavior.Alsoknownashumanecologyorecologicalpsychology.Theenvironmentmentionedheremainlyreferstothephysicalenvironment,includingnoise,congestion,airquality,temperature,architecturaldesign,personalspace,andsoon.

LegalPsychology

Legalpsychology,alsoknownaslegalpsychology,isamarginalsubjectbetweenlawandpsychology.ItisaresearchAfieldofappliedsocialpsychologyrelatedtothelawsofvariouspeople'spsychologicalactivities.Itsresearchcontentincludeslegislativepsychology,criminalpsychology,legaleducationpsychology,judicialpsychology,laborreformpsychology,andcivillitigationpsychology.

IndustrialandOrganizationalPsychology

IndustrialandOrganizationalPsychology(I/O)iscomposedoftheinitialsofindustrialandorganizational.Theprofessionalskillspossessedaremainlyusedtoimprovetheworkingenvironmenttomaximizeproductivityandboostmorale.Someindustrialandorganizationalpsychologistshelporganizationsselectnewemployeesandtrainemployeesbydesigninginterviewandtestingprocedures.Othersareusedtoretainemployees,whileothersareusedtoconductmarketresearch.

SportsPsychology

Itistoworkwithathletesandhelpthemtoperformtoanormallevel.Theycanmotivateathletes,helpthemcontroltheiremotionsunderpressure,andplantrainingschedules.

Engineeringpsychology

Themainresearchishuman-computerinteraction.Someofthemhavetodesignvariousdevicestobereliableandeasytouse.Thesedevicesincludecontrolpanelsandflightinstrumentdisplaydevices.Otherslookforhumanerrorintheinvestigationoftheaccident.

RehabilitationPsychology

Rehabilitationpsychologistsworktogetherwithdoctors,nurses,andhealthconsultants.Treatpatientswhohavebothmentalandphysicalillnesses.Someofthemworkinhospitals,whileothersworkinsocialserviceagenciesortrainingcentersforthedisabled.

Inshort,theoreticalpsychologyismainlydedicatedtodiscoveringgeneralpsychologicalphenomenaandpsychologicallaws,whileappliedpsychologyisdedicatedtoapplyingrelevantpsychologicalprinciples,methodsandknowledgetopractice.Butthetwoarenotcompletelyseparate,butareorganicallyconnected,integratedandmutuallypromoted.

Essentialskills

1.Consultation

Ingeneral,psychologists,psychologists,psychotherapists,corporatepsychologistsJobsinappliedpsychology,suchashumanresourceconsultants,relyonsuchskills.Consultingskillsemphasizetheabilitytosolveshort-termorlong-termcustomerproblems.Manydomesticpsychologystudentswereactuallydeceivedbyteacherswhentheywerestudyingpsychologicalcounseling.Theyalwaysthinkthatthepurposeofpsychologicalcounselingisto"helpothershelpthemselves."Infact,theconceptof"helpothershelpthemselves"isnotwrong.ThekeyisthatasanindustryExist,"helpingothershelpthemselves"cannotsupportthedevelopmentofanindustry.Psychologistsmustfocusonsolvingcustomerproblems,eveniftheysometimesdeviatefromthescopeof"self-help".Whetherit’stheestablishmentofanewbehavior-stimuluschaintosolveproblemsinbehavioraltherapy,orpsychoanalysis,throughsolvingthesubconsciousmindtogiveyouan"illusion"ofsolvingproblemsinasuddenrealization,whyaretheysuccessful,becausetheyarealltestedbypractice,indeedAbletosolvesomecustomerproblems.Whytherearecriticismsagain,itisalsobecausetheyarenotsuccessfulinsolvingotherproblemsofcustomers.

2.Training

TherearestillveryfewpsychologicaltrainersinChina.However,thereputationofsuccessfulpsychologistsinChinacanalsobesaidtoresoundinhalfofChina.FromtheimportedAnthonytothefabulousriseofChenAnzhi,theyhaveallexertedtheirtrainingskillstotheextreme.Inthesameway,manypsychologyprofessorsinChinawhogoaroundarewinningbytraining.Trainingskillsessentiallyemphasizeon-siteappeal.Trainingandconsultingarealwaysdifferent.Becausetrainingisalwaysashort-termactivity.Therecanbethreeconsecutiveyearsofconsultingprojects,butcustomersdonotneedtoreceiveyourtrainingeveryday.Therefore,thedeterminationofatrainer'sachievementalwaysliesinhison-siteappeal.

3.Research

Skillsrelatedtoresearchmainlyincluderesearchonpsychologicalstatistics,psychometrics,psychologicalsciencemethodology,andexperimentalpsychology.ThemosttypicalofsuchappliedpsychologypositionsarepsychologistsfromETSandpsychologistsfromSHL.Researchskillsessentiallyemphasizescientificity.Inotherwords,seekingtruthandfalsification.Intheprocessofcorporatetalentassessmentandconsultation,MBTIcanbeusedtosolvetheconfusionencounteredbyemployeesintheircareerdevelopment;otherassessmenttoolscanalsobeused.However,researchersarenotthesame.Researchersmustclearlyandplainlyusemethodsthatcanbefalsifiedandrepeatabletoshowtheirposition.Togiveaclearexample,thesameisrelatedtoamentalhealthassessmenttool.

Professionalrequirements

Studentsofthismajormainlystudythebasictheoriesandbasicknowledgeofpsychology,receivebasictraininginpsychologicalscientificthinkingandscientificexperiments,andhavegoodscientificliteracy.Havethebasicabilitytoconductpsychologicalexperimentsandpsychologicalmeasurements,andtheabilitytoapplypsychologicaltheoriesandtechniquestoarelatedfieldtosolvepracticalproblems.

Graduatesshouldacquirethefollowingknowledgeandabilities:

1.Masterthebasictheoriesandbasicknowledgeofmathematics,physics,chemistry,biology,etc.;

2.Understandthenationalscienceandtechnology,intellectualpropertyandotherrelatedpoliciesandregulations;

3.Understandthelatestdevelopmentsandapplicationprospectsofappliedpsychology;

4.MastertheapplicationBasictheories,basicknowledgeandempiricalresearchmethodsofpsychology,masterrelevantstatisticsandmeasurementmethods,andhavetheabilityofcomprehensiveanalysis,dataprocessingandcomputerapplications;

5.Understandthegeneralprinciplesandknowledgeofsimilarmajors;

6.Mastertheabilityofdataquery,fileretrievalandusemoderninformationtechnologytoobtainrelevantinformation;haveacertainexperimentaldesign,createexperimentalconditions,summarize,sort,andanalyzeexperimentalresults,writepapers,andparticipateinacademicsTheabilitytocommunicate.

Maincourses

GeneralPsychology,ExperimentalPsychology,PsychologicalStatistics,LearningPsychology,SocialPsychology,Psychometrics,IndustrialPsychology,EducationalPsychology,ClinicalPsychology,DevelopmentalPsychology,AbnormalPsychology,PersonalityPsychology,CognitivePsychology,SPSSPrinciplesandApplications,MentalHealthEducation,ManagementPsychology,Psychoanalysis,etc.

Professionalexperiments:ExperimentalPsychologyExperiment,CognitivePsychologyExperiment,DevelopmentalPsychologyExperiment,BusinessAdministrationPsychologyExperiment.

Schoollength:4years.

Degreeawarded:BachelorofScience.

Similarmajors:psychology,education,clinicalmedicine,humanresourcemanagement.

Employmentprospects:mainlyengagedinteaching,management,consultingandtreatment,andtechnologydevelopmentineducation,engineeringdesign,industrialandcommercialenterprises,medical,judicial,administrativeandotherdepartments.

Distributionofuniversities

Distributionofuniversities

[Beijing]PekingUniversity,TsinghuaUniversity,BeijingNormalUniversity,ChineseAcademyofSciences,BeijingForestryUniversity,ChinesePoliticsandLawUniversity,RenminUniversityofChina,BeijingSportUniversity,CentralUniversityofFinanceandEconomics,BeijingUnionUniversity

[Tianjin]TianjinVocationalandTechnicalNormalUniversity,TianjinUniversityofCommerce,TianjinNormalUniversity,TianjinInstituteofPhysicalEducation,TianjinUniversityofTraditionalChineseMedicine,NankaiUniversity,CivilAviationUniversityofChina,NankaiUniversityBinhaiCollege

[HebeiProvince]HebeiUniversity,HebeiNormalUniversity,ChengdeMedicalCollege,HebeiCollegeofTraditionalChineseMedicine,BaodingCollege,ShijiazhuangCollege,NorthChinaUniversityofTechnology,TangshanNormalUniversityCollege,BaodingCollege,HandanCollege,HebeiNormalUniversityofScienceandTechnology,CangzhouNormalUniversity

[HainanProvince]HainanUniversity,SanyaCollege,QiongzhouCollege,HainanNormalUniversity

[ShanxiProvince]ShanxiUniversity,TaiyuanNormalUniversity,ChangzhiMedicalCollege,ShanxiUniversityofTraditionalChineseMedicine

[InnerMongoliaAutonomousRegion]InnerMongoliaUniversityofScienceandTechnology

[LiaoningProvince]LiaoningNormalUniversity,ShenyangUniversity,ShenyangInstituteofPhysicalEducation,DalianMedicalUniversity,LiaoningHeMedicalCollege,ShenyangNormalUniversity

[JilinProvince]JilinUniversity,JilinAgriculturalUniversity,ChangchunNormalUniversity,GuanghuaCollegeofChangchunUniversity

【HeilongjiangProvince】QiqiharUniversity,HeilongjiangUniversityofTraditionalChineseMedicine,QiqiharMedicalCollege,HeilongjiangUniversity,HarbinNormalUniversity

[Shanghai]ShanghaiNormalUniversity,EastChinaNormalUniversity,ShanghaiInstituteofPoliticalScienceandLaw,ShanghaiUniversityofSport,ShanghaiNormalUniversityHuaCollege

[JiangsuProvince]NanjingUniversity,SoutheastUniversity,NanjingNormalUniversity,SoochowUniversity,JiangsuNormalUniversity,YanchengNormalUniversity,NantongUniversity,NanjingUniversityofChineseMedicine,HuaiyinNormalUniversity,NanjingXiaozhuangUniversity,JiangsuUniversityofTechnology,WenzhengCollegeofSoochowUniversity,CollegeofAppliedTechnologyofSoochowUniversity

[ZhejiangProvince]ZhejiangUniversity,ZhejiangUniversityofTechnology,WenzhouMedicalUniversity,ZhejiangNormalUniversity,HangzhouNormalUniversity,HuzhouNormalUniversitySeekingTruthCollege,ZhejiangSci-TechUniversity,ShaoxingCollegeofArtsandSciences,NingboUniversity

[AnhuiProvince]AnqingNormalUniversity,AnhuiMedicalUniversity,HefeiCollege,AnhuiAgriculturalUniversity,WannanMedicalUniversity,AnhuiUniversityofTraditionalChineseMedicine,AnhuiUniversity,FuyangNormalUniversity,ChaohuCollege,HuaibeiNormalUniversity,HuainanNormalUniversity,HuangshanCollege,AnhuiNormalUniversity,BengbuMedicalCollege

[FujianProvince]FujianNormalUniversity,MinnanNormalUniversity,FuzhouUniversity,FujianMedicalUniversity,FujianUniversityofTraditionalChineseMedicine,JimeiUniversity,QuanzhouNormalUniversity,SunshineCollegeofFuzhouUniversity

[JiangxiProvince]JiangxiNormalUniversity,GannanNormalUniversity,JinggangshanUniversity,NanchangUniversity,JiangxiUniversityofTraditionalChineseMedicine,GannanSchoolofMedicine

[ShandongProvince]ShandongNormalUniversity,LiaochengUniversity,ShandongUniversityofTraditionalChineseMedicine,WeifangMedicalCollege,JinanUniversity,BinzhouMedicalCollege,JiningMedicalCollege,LudongUniversity,LinyiUniversity,QingdaoUniversity,ShandongInstituteofPhysicalEducation,QufuNormalUniversity

[HenanProvince]HenanUniversity,ZhengzhouUniversity,LuoyangNormalUniversity,NanyangNormalUniversity,XinxiangMedicalCollege,XuchangUniversity,ShangqiuNormalUniversity,HenanPoliceCollege

[HubeiProvince]CentralChinaNormalUniversity,WuhanInstituteofPhysicalEducation,YangtzeUniversity,JianghanUniversity,HubeiNormalUniversity,South-CentralUniversityforNationalities,HubeiUniversityofTraditionalChineseMedicine,HubeiSecondNormalCollege

[HunanProvince]CentralSouthUniversity,HunanNormalUniversity,HunanAgriculturalUniversity,HengyangNormalUniversity,HunanUniversityofScienceandTechnology,HunanUniversityofTraditionalChineseMedicine,ChangshaUniversityofScienceandTechnology

[GuangdongProvince]GuangzhouUniversity,ZhaoqingUniversity,GuangzhouUniversityofTraditionalChineseMedicine,GuangdongUniversityofFinance,SouthChinaNormalUniversity,GuangzhouMedicalUniversity,SunYat-senUniversity,GuangdongUniversityofForeignStudies,GuangzhouPharmaceuticalUniversity,SouthernMedicalUniversity,GuangdongTechnicalNormalUniversity,GuangdongMedicalUniversity,GuangdongPeizhengUniversity,GuangdongSecondNormalCollege,ShenzhenUniversity,GuangdongUniversityofFinanceandEconomics,GuangdongBaiyunUniversity

[GuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion]GuangxiNormalUniversity,GuangxiUniversity,NanningNormalUniversity,GuangxiUniversityforNationalities,GuangxiUniversityXingjianCollegeofArtsandSciences

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[ChongqingCity]SouthwestUniversity,ChongqingCollegeofArtsandSciences,ChongqingNormalUniversity,ChongqingUniversity,YangtzeRiverNormalUniversity

[SichuanProvince]SichuanUniversity,ChengduUniversityofTraditionalChineseMedicine,ChengduMedicalCollege(SichuanProvince)ProvincialPsychologicalResearchCenter),SouthwestJiaotongUniversity,SouthwestUniversityofScienceandTechnology,SouthwestUniversityforNationalities,SouthwestMedicalUniversity,XichangCollege,NeijiangNormalUniversity,YibinCollege,ChengduUniversityofArtsandScience,SichuanUniversityofLightandChemicalTechnology,SichuanUniversityofArtsandScience,MianyangNormalUniversity,SouthwestHopeCollegeofJiaotongUniversity,SichuanPoliceCollege

[YunnanProvince]YunnanNormalUniversity,HongheCollege,DaliCollege,ChuxiongNormalUniversity,YunnanNationalitiesUniversity,KunmingMedicalCollegeHaiyuanCollege

[GuizhouProvince]GuizhouMedicalUniversity,GuizhouNormalUniversity,GuizhouUniversityofTraditionalChineseMedicine,ZunyiNormalUniversity,GuizhouNormalUniversity,XingyiNormalUniversityforNationalities

[ShaanxiProvince]ShaanxiNormalUniversity,ShaanxiUniversityofTraditionalChineseMedicine,ShangluoUniversity,BaojiUniversityofArtsandScience,Xi'anUniversityofArtsandScience,Xi'anInstituteofPhysicalEducation

[QinghaiProvince]QinghaiNormalUniversity,QinghaiUniversityforNationalities

[NingxiaHuiAutonomousRegion]NingxiaUniversity

[GansuProvince]LanzhouUniversity,NorthwestNormalUniversity,NorthwestUniversityforNationalities,TianshuiNormalUniversity,HexiUniversity

[Xinjiang]ShiheziUniversity,XinjiangNormalUniversity

[HongKong]UniversityofHongKong

[Macau]CityUniversityofMacau

ProfessionalRanking

Ranking

Schoolname

Level

Ranking

Schoolname

Level

Ranking

Schoolname

Level

1

BeijingNormalUniversity

A+

7

CentralSouthUniversity

A

13

SuzhouUniversity

A

2

ZhejiangUniversity

A+

8

CapitalMedicalUniversity

A

14

NanjingNormalUniversity

A

3

PekingUniversity

A+

9

SunYat-SenUniversity

A

15

JinanUniversity

A

4

SouthwestUniversity

A+

10

ShaanxiNormalUniversity

A

16

HunanNormalUniversity

A

5

EastChinaNormalUniversity

A

11

TianjinNormalUniversity

A

6

SouthChinaNormalUniversity

A

12

BeijingSportUniversity

A

B+etc.(23):ChinesePeople’sPublicSecurityUniversity,HuazhongUniversityofScienceandTechnology,HenanUniversity,ShanghaiInstituteofPhysicalEducation,ChinaMedicalUniversity,NorthwestNormalUniversity,QufuNormalUniversityUniversity,DalianMedicalUniversity,AnhuiMedicalUniversity,SoutheastUniversity,GuizhouNormalUniversity,ShanxiMedicalUniversity,ShanghaiNormalUniversity,YunnanNormalUniversity,TsinghuaUniversity,UniversityofElectronicScienceandTechnology,ShenzhenUniversity,ShenyangNormalUniversity,NanjingMedicalUniversity,ShanghaiJiaotongUniversity,SichuanUniversity,NankaiUniversity,LiaoningNormalUniversity

Betc.(23):ShanxiUniversity,InnerMongoliaNormalUniversity,SouthernMedicalUniversity,ChinaUniversityofGeosciences,WannanMedicalUniversity,LiaochengUniversity,NingxiaUniversity,HangzhouNormalUniversity,NingboUniversity,NorthwestUniversity,WuhanInstituteofPhysicalEducation,LudongUniversity,TianjinUniversity,XinxiangMedicalCollege,ChongqingUniversity,HohaiUniversity,BeihangUniversity,NanchangUniversity,ZhengzhouUniversity,Xi'anInstituteofPhysicalEducation,HarbinNormalUniversity,ZhejiangSci-TechUniversity,JiangxiNormalUniversity,HebeiNorthUniversity

C,etc.(16):Thelistisomitted

Suitableforpeoplewhoareengaged

Suitableforresearchpopulationh3>

Socialpeoplearewarm,friendly,easytogetalongwith,andprefertointeractwithpeoplebetweenpeopleandthings.Goodatexpressing,liketolistenandunderstandothers,careaboutthesociety,andwillingtohelpothers.Haveawiderangeoffriends,strongaffinity,andastrongspiritofcooperation,butlackasenseofcompetition.Suchpeoplearegenerallysuitableforresearchandworkinthefieldofpsychology.

Researchdirection

Direction1.Socialpsychology

Direction2.Humanresourcemanagement

Direction3.Managementsociology

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Orientation4.Socialwork

Employmentprospects

Employmentorientation

Aftergraduatingfromdomesticpsychologygraduatestudents,theemploymentflowmainlyincludes:intelligenceInstitutions,schools,hospitalsandclinics,prisons,corporatehumanresourcesdepartments,publicsecurityandjudicialagencies,psychologicalcounselingcenters,marriageagencies,talentmarketcareerplanningservicecentersandotherenterprisesandinstitutionsthatneedtodocrowdpsychologicalanalysis(consumerpsychologyofrealestatecustomersAnalysis,FMCGpurchasepsychologyanalysis,websiteuserclickhabitsanalysis,advertiserdevelopmentneedsanalysis,etc.)andmorediversifiedconsultingservicevenues.PsychologyisanemergingdisciplineinChina,andpeopledonotknowmuchaboutthismajor,whichlimitsthescopeofemploymenttoacertainextent.However,duetotherelativelysmallnumberofenrolledstudents,itsemploymentprospectsarestillrelativelyoptimistic.

Theemploymentofamaster'sdegreeinpsychologyismainlyconcentratedinthefollowingareas:

First,ordinarycollegesanduniversities,thisisthemaindestinationforpsychologygraduatestudentsaftergraduation.Collegesanduniversitiesarepayingmoreandmoreattentiontotheproblemsofstudents'mentalhealth,andtheyhaveopenedpubliccoursesofpsychologyoneafteranother.Thisundoubtedlyexpandstheemploymentscopeofpsychologygraduatestudents.OneofthebestcareerpathsfortheMasterofPsychologyistoentertheDepartmentofPsychologyandEducationtobecomeapsychologyteacher.However,withtheincreaseofdoctoralgraduatesandthecontinuousexpansionofgraduatestudents'enrollment,itwillbecomemoreandmoredifficulttoengageinthisprofession.Thepsychologicalcounselingcenterintheuniversityalsoprovidesemploymentopportunitiesforthemasterofpsychology.However,thisgenerallyrequiresthepracticeofpsychologicalcounselingduringschool,andgirlsaregenerallygivenpriority.Psychologygraduatestudentsaremorecompetitivethanstudentsofothermajorsincompetingforthepositionofcounselor,butundernormalcircumstances,joiningthepartyisaprerequisite.Salaryforuniversityjobsvarieswithspecificpositionsandregions.

Second,civilservants.Thepublicsecuritysystemgenerallyrecruitspostgraduatesofpsychologyascivilservants:publicsecuritybureaus,laborcamps,prisons,bordercheckpoints,etc.areallpossibleplaces.Someunitshavestricterphysicalrequirementsforhiredpersonnel,andsomerequirephysicalfitnesstests.

Third,enterprises.Psychologygraduatestudentsgotocompaniestomainlyengageinheadhunting(talentagency),businessconsultingandhumanresourcemanagement.Psychologygraduatestudentsandhumanresourcemanagementmajorsaredifferent.Psychologystudentsadvocatehumanizedmanagement,whichiscomplementarytohumanresourcemanagementstudents.Butbecausepeoplestilldon'tknowmuchaboutpsychology,studentsinpsychologydepartmentarenotascompetitiveasstudentsinhumanresourcemanagement.GraduatestudentsintheDepartmentofPsychologycanalsoengageinmarketresearch,butthenumberofstudentsisrelativelysmall,generallyslightlymoreundergraduates.

Fourth,primaryandsecondaryschools.Generally,undergraduatesarerecruited,andthepsychologicalcounselingdepartmentismainlyusedasa"vase"tocopewiththeinspectionoftheeducationdepartment.Therefore,thefutureisnotoptimistic,andtheincomeislow.Generally,graduatestudentsarenotfavoredunlesstheycannotfindajob.Generallynotconsidered.

Fifth,psychologicalcounselingworkers.FromtheperspectiveofthecurrentsituationinChina,thedomesticindustrymaynotbeabletomaintainacertainstandardoflivingsimplybyengaginginpsychologicalcounselingwork.Ifyouwanttohavethesalaryofforeigncounterparts,itneedstobeexplored.

Sixth,hospitalsandclinics.Studentsstudyingclinicalpsychologyandmedicalpsychologycangotohospitalsorpsychologicalclinicstoengageinpsychologicalconsultationandtreatment.However,withthecurrentdemandforpsychologistsinChina,coupledwiththeneedtohaveamedicallicensetogotothehospital,itismoredifficult.

Seventh,socialworkers.Socialworkisanewprofession,andappliedpsychologyistheclosestmajortosocialwork.Ofcourse,ifyouwanttoengageinsocialwork,youmustalsohavecorrespondingqualificationsandskillstraining.

Employmentprospects

Inthisfast-developingsociety,variouscompetitionshavebecomeincreasinglyfierce,pressurefromallpartieshasalsoincreased,andpeoplehaveincreasinglynoticedthemselvesMentalhealthproblems.Withthedevelopmentofsocietyandtheimprovementofpeople'slivingstandards,people'ssocialpressureandlifepressurearealsoincreasing.Thevariouspsychologicaldiseasesandpsychologicalobstaclescausedbythisneedtobesolvedbyappliedpsychologyprofessionals.

Psychologyisasciencethatstudiespsychologicalphenomena.Nowadays,manyschoolsinChinahaveopenedpsychologymajors,suchasBeijingNormalUniversity,EastChinaNormalUniversity,SouthwestNormalUniversity,HunanNormalUniversityandsoon.Theenrollmentsituationisalsoheatingup.Nowadays,mostunitsneedpsychologyprofessionals,suchasschools,militaryunits,publicsecuritydepartments,hospitals,etc.Thisshowsthatthedevelopmentprospectsofpsychologyarerelativelybroadandclear.

Inparticular,onAugust3,2001,theMinistryofLaborandSocialSecurityformallyconfirmedthatpsychologicalcounselingisaprofessionaloccupation,andissuedthe"NationalProfessionalStandardsforPsychologicalCounselors".PractitionersmustgothroughspecializedCultivationortraining,onlyafterobtainingthe"QualificationCertificate"canbeemployed.

Indevelopedcountriesandmanydevelopingcountries,mentalhealthcareandcounselingstaffareverypopular.RelevantdatashowthatthereisonecounselorforeverythousandpeopleintheUnitedStatesandoneforeverytwothousandpeopleinGermany.Theyarewell-paid,respectableandenviable.InChina,thereisonlyonecounselorforevery250,000people.Amongthe10standardsforawell-offsocietyformulatedbyrelevantstatedepartments,onepsychologicalcounselorper1,000peoplehasbeentakenasanimportantindicator.OnMarch20,2005,thefirstbatchofnationalpsychologistcertificateswereissuedinBeijing,andtherewereonly277practicingpsychologistswhoobtainedthenational"psychologicalconsultant"certificate.

Expertspredictthatpsychologicalcounselingwillbemoredetailedfordifferentgroupsofpeople.Inthefuture,inadditiontolarge,middleandelementaryschools,allkindsofenterprisesandinstitutions,communities,judicialorgans,grassrootspolicestations,110commandcenters,prisons,reeducationthroughlabor,compulsorydrugrehabilitationcenters,etc.,willrequireseniorprofessionalsinappliedpsychologytoparticipateinmanagementandengageinpsychology.Intervention,counseling,adjustmentandcorrectionwork.

Aftergraduatingfromdomesticpostgraduatesmajoringinpsychology,employmentflowsmainlyincludecollegesanduniversities,publicsecurityandjudicialagencies,primaryandsecondaryschools,hospitals,clinics,andpsychologicalcounselinginstitutions,engagedinconsulting,research,teaching,andpsychologicalcounseling.However,theactualemploymentsituation,salarylevel,careerdevelopment,etc.arestillnotideal.Especiallyforsomepositions,therearenotmanyjobopportunitiesthatthesocietycanprovide.

Consultantsalsoinvolvemanymajors,includingschoolcounseling,geriatricmedicine,marriageandfamilycounseling,propertyabusecounseling,rehabilitationcounseling.Specifically,theschool’spsychologicalcounselorsmainlyfocusonhelpingPrimaryandmiddleschoolstudentsdealwithacademicandpersonalissues,whilerehabilitationconsultantsmainlyhelpclientswhohavephysicalproblemsbecomeself-reliant.Careerconsultantshelppeoplefindasuitablejob.Theyalsohelppeopleimprovetheirjobsearchskillsandthepressuretheyfaceinapplyingforjobs.Thejobmarketforpsychologyresearchisverynarrow,andthosewithPhDtitlesfindthattheyarefiercelycompetingforlimitedemploymentopportunities.

Itcanbepredictedthattheemploymentprospectsofpostgraduatesmajoringinpsychologyarerelativelygood.First,socialpressureisincreasing,andpeopleneedpsychologicalcounselingandhelp.Second,psychologicalcounselingisgraduallybeingreceivedbyvariousindustriesandTherecognitionofsuchenterprisesisbeingintroduced.Itisexpectedthatinthenextfewyears,psychologicalcounselingconsultantswillbecomeauniquelandscapeforpostgraduateemploymentinpsychology,andteachingandresearchincollegesanduniversitieswillstillbeanimportantemploymentpath.

Ingeneral,theemploymentofpsychologygraduatestudentsisrelativelywide.Moreover,thisisasunrisesubject.Withthedeepeningofpeople'sunderstandingofitandthedevelopmentofsocialeconomy,thedemandwillincreasedaybyday,andtheemploymentprospectsareoptimistic.Ofcourse,outlookisnotequaltotherealityinthefuture,itstillneedstimetoconfirm.

AnalysisofCompetitiveMajors

ChinaAppliedPsychologyAssociation(3photos)

Graduatesofappliedpsychologymajors,intheprocessofjobhunting,Therewillbesomerivalsforgraduatesofsimilarmajors.Forgraduatesofappliedpsychology,therearefourmaincompetingmajors:education,clinicalmedicine,nursing,humanresourcemanagement,etc.

(1)Pedagogy

——Whencompetingforpositionsineducationalconsulting,familyeducationguidanceandeducationtraininginstitutions,althoughIhaveabackgroundinpsychology,IhavealsostudiedsomepedagogycoursesIfyouwanttobetrulycompetentineducation,trainingandeducationconsulting,thelackofasolidtheoreticalfoundationinpedagogywillbeyourbiggest"suffocation".Therefore,inthecompetition,pedagogicalgraduateswillbecomecandidatesforeducationconsultingandTheeducationserviceorganizationisitsownbiggestcompetitor.

(2)ClinicalMedicineandNursing

——Forthementalhealthconsultation,psychologicalcounseling,healthcounseling,andrehabilitationpsychologicalcounselingtalentsneededinhospitalsandcommunities,theyhaveamedicalbackgroundOfgraduateshaveagreateradvantage.Inthecompetitioninthisfield,studentsmajoringinappliedpsychologyshouldavoidpositionsrequiringmedicalexpertiseasmuchaspossible,andemphasizetheirabilityinpsychologicalapplications.

(3)HumanResources

——Ifstudentsmajoringinappliedpsychologyareengagedinhumanresourcemanagementanddevelopment,theirbiggestcompetitorisagraduateofhumanresourcesmajorpregnancy.Ifselectingcollegestudentswhoarecompetingforemploymentfromtheperspectiveofhumanresourcemanagement,undernormalcircumstances,employerswillgiveprioritytostudyinghumanresources.However,inthehumanresourcesdepartmentofmanyunitsororganizations,collegestudentswhostudypsychologyareneededtocompletethetasksthathumanresourcesgraduatesdonotdowellorareincompetent,thatis,mainlyemployeepsychologicalmanagement,counseling,talentassessmentandassessment,etc.Therefore,Ihopethatthegraduatesofappliedpsychologymajoringinhumanresourcemanagementanddevelopmentmustcombinetheirprofessionaladvantagesandconsiderthosepositionsthatthehumanresourcemajorcompetitorscannotdowellorcannotdo.

ResearchInstitute

TheInstituteofPsychology,ChineseAcademyofSciences,istheonlynational-levelpsychologyresearchinstitutioninChinaandanaffiliateoftheChinesePsychologicalAssociation.TheChinaAppliedPsychologyAssociation(CAPA)isaspecializedacademicinstitutiondedicatedtotheresearchandpromotionofappliedpsychology.

Professionalsettings

Professionalcourses

English(2),cognitivepsychology,psychologyresearchmethods,psychologyhistory,abnormalpsychology,learningpsychology,Psychologicalcounselingprinciplesandtechniques(includingpractice),schoolpsychology,psychologicaldiagnosis,behaviorchangetechniques(includingpractice).

TrainingObjectives

Thisself-studymajorcultivatesbasictheories,basicknowledge,andbasicskillsinpsychology,andcanbeusedineducation,engineeringdesigndepartments,industrialandcommercialenterprises,medicalcare,justice,andadministrativemanagement.Seniorprofessionalsengagedinteaching,management,consultingandtreatment,andtechnologydevelopmentinotherdepartments.

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