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American National Standards Institute



SynonymAmericanNationalStandardsInstitutegenerallyreferstotheAmericanNationalStandardsInstitute.

Historicalbackground

TheAmericanNationalStandardsInstitute(ANSI)wasfoundedin1918.Atthattime,manycompaniesandprofessionaltechnicalorganizationsintheUnitedStateshadalreadybegunstandardizationwork,butbecausetheydidnotcoordinatewitheachother,thereweremanycontradictionsandproblems.Inordertofurtherimproveefficiency,hundredsofscienceandtechnologysocieties,associations,andorganizationsallbelievethatitisnecessarytoestablishaspecialstandardizationagencyandformulateunifiedgeneralstandards.In1918,theAmericanSocietyforTestingandMaterials(ASTM),andtheAmericanSocietyofMechanicalEngineers(ASME),theAmericanSocietyofMiningandMetallurgicalEngineers(ASMME),theAmericanSocietyofCivilEngineers(ASCE),andtheAmericanInstituteofElectricalEngineers(AIEE)werejointlyestablishedTheAmericanEngineeringStandardsCommittee(AESC).ThreedepartmentsoftheUSgovernment(theDepartmentofCommerce,theDepartmentoftheArmy,andtheDepartmentoftheNavy)alsoparticipatedinthepreparationsforthecommittee.

In1928,theAmericanEngineeringStandardsCommitteewasreorganizedintotheAmericanStandardsAssociation(ASA).Inordertobecommittedtotheinternationalstandardizationcauseandthestandardizationofconsumerproducts,inAugust1966,itwasreorganizedastheUnitedStatesofAmericaStandardsInstitute(USASI).OnOctober6,1969,itwaschangedtoitscurrentname:AmericanNationalStandardsInstitute(ANSI).

Membership

TheAmericanNationalStandardsInstituteisanon-profitprivatestandardizationorganization.Butithasactuallybecomeanationalstandardizationcenter;standardizationactivitiesfromallwalksoflifearecarriedoutaroundit.Throughit,relevantgovernmentsystemsandprivatesystemscooperatewitheachother,andplayaroleasabridgebetweenthefederalgovernmentandprivatestandardizationsystems.Itcoordinatesandguidesnationalstandardizationactivities,helpsstandardformulation,researchanduseunits,andprovidesdomesticandforeignstandardizationinformation.Italsoplaystheroleofanadministrativeagency.

ANSIcurrentlyhasabout200industrial,associationandothergroupmembers,andabout1,400company(enterprise)members.Itsfundingcomesfrommembershipduesandstandarddatasalesincome,withoutgovernmentfunds.Theleadingbodyisaboardofdirectorscomposedofthechairman,vice-chairmenand50seniorbusinessrepresentatives,exercisingleadership.Whentheboardofdirectorsisnotinsession,theexecutivecommitteeexercisesitspowers,andtheexecutivecommitteehasastandardreviewcommitteecomposedof15people.HeadquarteredinNewYork,thesatelliteofficeislocatedinWashington.

ThestaffoftheNationalBureauofStandards(NBS)andtheofficialrepresentativesofmanyotheragenciesoftheUSgovernmentalsoparticipateintheworkoftheAmericanStandardsInstitutethroughvariouschannels.

TheAmericanStandardsInstitutehasvarioustechnicalcommitteessuchaselectricalengineering,construction,dailynecessities,drawing,andmaterialtesting.

Workprocedures

DuetothediversityandliberalizationofAmericansociety,auniquedecentralizedstandardsystemintheUnitedStateshasbeenformed.Inadditiontothestandardssetbyvariousenterprisesandcompanies,therearestill400professionalinstitutions,societies,andassociationsformulateandpublishstandardsintheirrespectiveprofessionalfields,andmorethan580organizationsparticipateinstandardizationactivities.Itscorporatestandardizationworkhasalsostartedearlyandhasbeenquiteeffective.Withthecontinuousexpansionoftheenterprise,thestandardizationorganizationofenterprisemanagementisalsoexpanding.Somestandardizationorganizationsbelongtotheleadershipofthemanagerdepartment,whileothersbelongtotheleadershipofthedesignunitortheprocessunit.Corporatestandardsaregenerallynotexternal.In1996alone,thestandardincreasedby4%,bringingthetotalto13,056.

TheAmericanNationalStandardsInstituteitselfrarelysetsstandards.ThepreparationofitsANSIstandardmainlyadoptsthefollowingthreemethods:

1.Relevantunitsareresponsiblefordrafting,invitingexpertsorprofessionalgroupstovote,andsubmittingtheresultstothestandardreviewmeetingestablishedbyANSIforreviewandapproval.Thismethodiscalledthepollingmethod.

2.RepresentativesofANSItechnicalcommitteesandcommitteesorganizedbyotherorganizationspreparedraftstandards.Allmembersvoteforit,andfinallythestandardsreviewcommitteewillreviewandapproveit.Thismethodiscalledthecommitteemethod.

3.Fromthestandardsformulatedbyvariousprofessionalsocietiesandassociations,thosethataremorematureandofgreatsignificancetothewholecountrywillbeupgradedtonationalstandards(ANSI)AndprefixedwithANSIstandardcodeandclassificationnumber,butatthesametimeretaintheoriginalprofessionalstandardcode.

ThemajorityofthestandardsoftheAmericanNationalStandardsInstitutecomefromvariousprofessionalstandards.Ontheotherhand,variousprofessionalsocietiesandassociationscanalsoformulatecertainproductstandardsbasedonexistingnationalstandards.Ofcourse,itisnotnecessarytoformulateyourownassociationstandardsaccordingtonationalstandards.

ANSIstandardsareadoptedvoluntarily.TheUnitedStatesbelievesthatmandatorystandardsmaylimitproductivitygrowth.However,standardsquotedbylawsandformulatedbygovernmentdepartmentsaregenerallymandatorystandards.

Organization

ANSIisledbytheexecutiveboardandconsistsoffourcommittees:academiccommittee,boardofdirectors,membercouncilandsecretariat.

Academiccommitteesinclude:ExecutiveStandardsConference,InternationalTechnicalCommittee,PatentGroup,StandardsandDataServicesCommittee,LicensingCommittee,andNationalCommitteeoftheUnitedStates,etc.

Theboardofdirectorsiscomposedoftheexecutivecommittee,thefinancecommittee,theboardofdirectorsandtheconformityassessmentcommittee,theinternationalcommitteeandthenationalpublicationcommittee.

Membercouncilsincludecompanymembercouncils,governmentmemberscouncils,organizationalmemberscouncils,andconsumerrightscouncils.

Thesecretariatiscomposedofseniordirectors,standardspublishingofficeandmanagementexecutionoffice.

Mainfunctions

ANSIrecognizesproductcertificationbodies,qualitysystemcertificationbodies,laboratoriesandreviewers,andrecognizesqualitysystemcertificationandpersonnelqualifications.TheimpartialityoftheANSIassessmentprocessisreviewedbyeveryone,andthecommentswillbepublishedinANSI'sweeklymagazine.Atthesametime,agrievancemechanismandmanagementmeasuresshallbeestablishedtohandleallgrievancecasesinatimelymanner.

ThecharacteristicofANSI'soperatingorganizationistheextensiveestablishmentofcooperativerelationshipswithotherorganizations.Inadditiontotheaccreditationoflaboratoriesandreviewers,theprojectsthatANSIcooperateswithotherinstitutionsarealsoaccreditedbyproductcertificationagencies,systemcertificationagencies,etc.,andactivelyborrowthepowerofotheragenciestocomplete.ItspartnersandrelatedinformationcanbeinquiredontheInternet.

Developaccreditationpoliciesandaccreditationplans.ANSIparticipatesinrelevantinternationalconferencesandactivitiesonbehalfofthecountry,andonbehalfoftheUnitedStates,intendstocontributetotheestablishmentofmutualrecognitionofinformationtechnologyequipmentaroundtheworld.

ANSIisnotdirectlyengagedinproductcertification.Heparticularlyemphasizedthatpassingcertificationcanimproveproductcompetitivenessandgivebuyerstrust.Atthesametime,unifystandards,unifytechnicalrequirements,unifyinterpretations,andachieveaconsistentunderstandingofstandardsandtechnicalrequirements.Thisisthemeaningofaccreditation,anditisalsoaveryobviousbenefitbroughtbycertification.

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