Domov Technology Standardization strategy

Standardization strategy



Standardsandstandardization

Standardizationstrategy

Standardsarethesummaryofscience,technologyandpracticalexperience.Inordertoobtainthebestorderwithinacertainrange,theactivityofformulatingcommonandrepeatedrulesforactualorpotentialproblems,thatis,theprocessofformulating,issuingandimplementingstandards,iscalledstandardization.Thetechnologicalinnovationsystemfromtheperspectiveoftheopencomplexgiantsystemtheoryregardsstandardizationasanimportantsupportfortheinnovation2.0-orientedtechnologicalinnovationsystem,aswellasthetechnologicalinnovationsystemandtheimportantaxisofthetechnology2.0intheknowledgesocietyenvironment.Asearlyasthe1970s,QianXuesenstoodatthestrategicheightofcopingwiththedevelopmentenvironmentofmodernizationandinternationalization,andproposedtovigorouslystrengthenstandards,standardizationworkandscientificresearch.Throughstandardsandstandardizationwork,aswellastheimplementationofrelatedtechnologypolicies,acceleratetechnologyaccumulation,scientificandtechnologicalprogress,achievementpromotion,innovationdiffusionandindustrialupgrading.

Accordingtothescopeofeconomiceffects,standardscanbedividedintointernationalstandards,regionalstandards,nationalstandards,regionalstandards,industrystandardsandcorporatestandards;accordingtothecontent,theycanbedividedintocompatibilitystandards,qualitystandardsandreductions.Diversificationstandards;accordingtoitsproductionprocess,itcanbedividedintoinstitutionalstandardsanddefactostandards(producedinmarketcompetition).Standardizationisforthebenefitofthepublic.Itiscarriedoutbyallpartiesconcernedtounifythematerialandnon-materialobjectsinaplannedway.Itcannotonlypromotetherationalizationprocessoftheeconomic,scientificandtechnologicalcirclesandmanagementdepartmentstoprovidequalityassurance,butalsoprovidequalityassurance.Itcontributestothesafetyofpeopleandthingsandtheimprovementofqualityinallareasoflife,anditmustnotbringspecialeconomicbenefitstoindividualpeople.

Theroleofstandardization

Standardizationcanenhancecorporatesocialreputation

Intoday’ssociety,productcompetitionbetweencompaniesisnolongerapricecompetition,butBrandcompetition,andbrandisreflectedbythequalityofthecompany'sproductsandafter-salesservice.Theadoptionofstandardizationbyanenterprisecanpromotetheestablishmentofanenterprise'sbrandimageandimproveitssocialreputation.Forexample,ifanenterpriseadoptstheISOproductqualitycertificationsystem,itshowsthatthecompanyhasreachedacertainlevelintermsofproductquality.Forsomehighlyspecializedproducts,consumersoruserslackknowledgeinthisarea.Whentheychooseproducts,theyrelytoalargeextentontherecommendationsofotherconsumersorusers,thecertificationthatthecompanyhaspassed,andtheamountofstandardizationadopted.

Standardizationcanreducethenationaleconomyandenterprisecosts

Theadoptionofstandardizationimprovesthecompatibilityofenterpriseproductsandreducesthehugeamountofinconsistencybetweenenterpriseproducts.Socialwaste.Inaddition,enterprisescanavoidrelyingonacertainsupplierthroughstandardization,becauseothersupplierscansupplementthemarketbasedonopenstandards,sothesupplychannelsofenterprisescontinuetoincrease.Theincreaseinthenumberofsuppliershasintensifiedthecompetitionamongsuppliers,therebypromotingthecontinuousimprovementofproductqualityandthecontinuousreductionofprices.Therefore,standardizationcanreducethecostofenterprises.

Standardizationisconducivetotheformationofstrategicalliancesbetweenenterprises

Standardizationhasformedaunifiedproductandtechnicalrulesystem.Inthiscase,itmakesthecooperationbetweenenterprisesandtheformationofstrategicallianceseasier.Standardizationlevelcooperationisveryimportantforcompanies,becausethroughcollaborationeffects,thepotentialforcostreductionandthepossibilityofsuccesswillincrease.Theestablishmentofstrategicalliancescanbringaboutrisksharing,technologysharing,economiesofscale,andfixedcostsharingforenterprises.

Standardizationcanbreaktechnicaltradebarriers

Thebreakingoftechnicaltradebarriersisbeneficialtoexports.

Developedcountriescontinuetosetuptechnicalbarriersthroughvariousnationalorregionalstandardstopreventproductsfromdevelopingcountriesfromenteringtheirmarkets.Standardsareusedasnon-tarifftradebarriersagainstotherstandardsintheregionaleconomy.IfanenterprisepassestheISOorIECstandardsintheglobalmarketandthecorrespondingENstandardsintheEuropeanmarket,itcanbreakthetechnicalbarrierssetbydevelopedcountriesandincreaseexports.

Standardizationandtechnologicalinnovation

Standardsarethesummaryofscience,technologyandpracticalexperience.Thetechnologicalinnovationsystemfromtheperspectiveoftheopencomplexgiantsystemtheoryregardsstandardizationasanimportantsupportforthenext-generationinnovationofthetechnologicalinnovationsystem,andiscalledthetechnologicalinnovationsystemandtheimportantaxisoftechnology2.0intheknowledgesocietyenvironment;standardizationisalsomodernUrbanmanagementisdifferentfromtraditionalcitymanagement,modernmanagementisdifferentfromtraditionalmanagement,andmodernserviceindustryisdifferentfromtheimportantcharacteristicsoftraditionalserviceindustry[1].Asearlyasthe1970s,QianXuesenproposedtostrengthenstandardizationworkandscientificresearchtodealwiththemodernandinternationaldevelopmentenvironment[2].Withthedevelopmentofscience,technologyandsocialeconomicpractice,standardizationisanevolvingdynamicprocess.Thedynamicstandardizationprocessreflectstheevolutionoftechnologicalinnovation.Thecombinationofstandardizationandintellectualpropertyrightscanhelppromoteindependentinnovation,andthefurthercombinationofstandardizationandAIP's"threeinspections"willdriveopeninnovation.Throughtheimplementationofstandardizationandrelatedtechnicalpolicies,itispossibletointegrateandguidesocialresources,activatescientificandtechnologicalelements,promoteindependentinnovationandopeninnovation,andacceleratetechnologicalaccumulation,technologicalprogress,achievementpromotion,innovationdiffusion,industrialupgrading,andcomprehensiveeconomic,social,andenvironmental,Coordinatedandsustainabledevelopment.

Howdoesmycountryformulateastandardizationstrategy

Inviewoftheimportantpositionandroleofstandardsandstandardization,theUnitedStates,Japan,Canada,andEUcountriesallregardstandardizationasanimportantnationalstrategy.Drawinglessonsfromthestandardizationstrategyofdevelopedcountries,mycountryshouldstartfromthefollowingaspectswhenformulatingitsstandardizationstrategy:

1.Clarifythefocusofthestandardizationstrategyandparticipateintheformulationofinternationalstandards

Thetrendofsocialdevelopmentdeterminesthefocusofmycountry'sstandardizationstrategy.Consumersallovertheworldattachimportancetothehealth,safetyandenvironmentalprotectionofproducts,anddevelopedcountriescontinuetosetuptechnicaltradebarrierstoourproductsonthegroundsofhealth,safetyandenvironmentalprotection.Therefore,ourcountryshouldfocusitsstrategyonwhatthepublicisveryconcernedabout.Health,safety,environmentalprotectionandothersocialhotissues.

2.Thegovernmentattachesgreatimportancetostandardizationandprovidespolicyandfinancialsupport

TheChinesegovernmentshouldattachgreatimportancetostandardizationandprovidepolicyandfinancialsupportforthestandardizationprocessofenterprises.

Inthe"NationalIndustrialTechnologyStrategy(OverallStrategy)"formulatedinApril2000,Japanproposedtomaximizethepopularizationandapplicationoftechnologydevelopmentresults,andregardstandardizationasawaytonewtechnologiesandmarkets.Adeepunderstandingoftheimportanceofresearchanddevelopmentforthepurposeofstandardization.USregulations:NISTparticipatesinANSI'sboardofdirectorsandprovidesfinancialsupportforinternationalstandardizationactivitiesorganizedbyANSI.Canadaencouragestheuseofstandardsinregulationsandpublicpolicyformulation.

3.Activelyparticipateintheformulationofnationalandregionalstandards

Formanyyears,WesternEuropeancountriesandtheUnitedStatesdominatedbyBritain,France,andGermany.Alotofenergyandtimehavebeendevotedtointernationalandregionalstandardizationactivities,inanattempttocontrolthetechnicalpowerofinternationalstandardizationforalongtime,andsparenoefforttoturndomesticstandardsintointernationalstandards.

4.Activelycultivatestandardizationtalents

Comparedwithdevelopedcountries,ourcountrylackstalents,andthereisalackoftalentswhoarefamiliarwithISO/IECinternationalstandardreviewrulesandhaveprofessionalknowledge.Therefore,itisdifficultformycountrytoplayaroleintheinternationalstandardizationwork,andtheinternationalstandardsthatmycountryparticipatesintheformulationoftheinternationalstandardsareminimal.

5.Makethestandard-settingsystemmoreflexibleandincreaseparticipation

Thebeneficiariesofstandardizationinvolvetheentirecountry,enterprisesandconsumers.Therefore,thestandardformulationprocessshouldbeEncouragetheparticipationofallsectorsofsociety,sothatthestandardscanreflecttheinterestsofthevastmajorityofpeople.

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