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Gestion sociale



Tâches de base

Les tâches fondamentales de la gestion sociale comprennent la coordination des relations sociales, la régulation du comportement social, la résolution des problèmes sociaux, la résolution des conflits sociaux, la promotion de la justice sociale, la réponse aux risques sociaux, le maintien de l'harmonie sociale, etc.

Le premierestdepromouvoirl'autonomiesociale,lesecondestderésoudrelacontradictionentrel'hommeéconomiquerationneletl'hommesocialirrationnel,letroisièmeestderégulerlecomportementsocial,etlequatreestdesuperviseretsuivrelesbénéficessociauxducomportementsocial.

Recherche théorique

Trois problèmes à résoudre pour améliorer le système de gestion sociale de notre pays

(1)Renforcer la recherche et l'exploration de la théorie de base de la gestion sociale

Thebasicframeworkofmycountry'ssocialistmarketeconomyhasbeeninitiallyestablished, andcorrespondingeconomicpoliciesandmacro-controlmechanismshavealsobeenbasicallyestablished, andhavebeengraduallyimprovedinthepracticeofmodernization.However, thebasicinstitutionalframeworkofsocialconstructionandsocialmanagementrequiredbytheconstructionofasocialistharmonioussocietyisnotyetperfectandneedstobeimprovedurgently.Withthecontinuousandrapiddevelopmentofthenationaleconomyandthecontinuousimprovementofcomprehensivenationalstrength, ourcountryhasthebasicconditionstopromotecomprehensivesocialconstruction.Atthesametime, oursocietyisinatransitionalperiod, transitioningfromasinglesocialstructurebasedonaplannedeconomytoapluralisticsocialstructurebasedonamarketeconomy.Thefactorsdrivingthissocialtransformationarethedevelopment, reformandopeningupsince1978.Atpresent, thetransformationofmycountry'seconomicdevelopmentmodel, deep-levelinstitutionalreforms, Andall-roundopeningtotheoutsideworldareacceleratingthissocialtransf Dans une telle période de changements drastiques, non seulement les problèmes sociaux profonds accumulés de longue date dans l'histoire seront mis en évidence, mais aussi de nouveaux problèmes sociaux et des facteurs incertains apparaîtront, qui s'entrelacent avec les problèmes sociaux d'origine, ce qui rend l'augmentation des risques sociaux systémiques, ou l'augmentation des risques potentiels de développement social, implique.

Fromasocialperspective, themajormovetobuildasocialistharmonioussocietymarksanewhistoricalstageinourcountry'sdevelopment.Developingsocialundertakings, promotingsocialjustice, strengtheningsocialmanagement, andimprovingsocialsystemsarethemaincontentofsocialconstructioninthenewhistoricalstage.Therequirementsforsocialmanagementtobuildaharmonioussocialistsocietyare: explorethebasiclawsofsocialmanagementintheprimarystageofsocialism, formulatebasicguidelines, lois, règlements, andpoliciesforsocialmanagement, clarifythemainbodyofsocialmanagement, rationallyallocatesocialdevelopmentresourcestorealizetheeconomyCoordinateddevelopmentwithsocietyandoverallimprovementofsocialquality.Inthiscontext, itisproposedthatsocialmanagementhasgreattheoreticalandpracticalsignificanceforpromotingthepracticeofsocialismwithChinesecharacteristics.However, weneedtofurtherresearchanddiscussvariousissuesrelatedtosocialmanagementintheory.

AfterWorldWarII, internationaldevelopmentcooperationhasbecomeanimportantforceintheworld.Ithasprofoundlyaffectedandchangedthesocialpoliciesandsocialmanagementofdevelopingcountriesinsomeaspects.Internationaldevelopmentcooperationmeansthatdevelopedcountries, internationalorganizations, andinternationalnon-governmentalorganizationsprovidevarioustechnicalandeconomicassistancetonon-governmentalorganizationsindevelopingcountriesanddevelopingcountries, includingprivateloansandothergrants.Generallyspeaking, internationaldevelopmentpartnersoftenappearasprovidersofsocialwelfareandsocialsafetynets.Sincethe1970s, internationaldevelopmentcooperationhasincreasinglyfocusedonpovertyalleviation, rightsprotection, basiceducation, santé, andhumanitarianassistance.Traditionaldevelopmentassistancefocusesonindividualprojectassistance.Thenewideaof internationaldevelopmentcooperationistoinfluencedepartmentsbyenhancingcapacityandsimplifyingprocedures, suchasreformingideasandrequiringtheparticipationofcitizensandsocialor Dans un tel contexte international,commentformulerunensembledepolitiquesdegestionsocialequis'adaptentàl'environnementinternationaletcontribuentàprotégerlesintérêtsnationauxest devenu un enjeu majeur auquel notre pays doit faire face.

(2)Établir un mécanisme de prise de décision intégré

Integrateddecision-makingisapolicymeanstoachieveoveralldevelopmentgoalsthroughtheparticipationofthegovernmentandthepublicindecision-making.Thepurposeofgovernmentandpublicparticipationinsocialmanagementdecision-makingistocoordinatetherelationshipbetweeneconomicdevelopmentgoals, socialdevelopmentgoalsandenvironmentalprotectiongoals.Thegoalofeconomicpolicyistousemarketmeanstomaximizeeconomicdevelopment, andthecoreofthegovernment'ssocialmanagementistocorrectmarketfailures.Thecoreofmutualcoordinationbetweeneconomicmanagementandsocialmanagementis: notbecausesocialpoliciescorrectmarketfailuresandaffectmarketefficiency; norbecauseeconomicbehaviorarbitrarilyfluctuateswiththemarketandletitgo, leadingtothedestructionofsocialfairnessandjusticeandthedestructionoftheenvironment.Socialmanagersmustconsidertheunificationofsocialgoals, economicgoals, andenvironmentalprotectiongoals.Therefore, thecomprehensivedecision-makingofsocialmanagementrequirestheparticipationofvariousinterestgroups.Fromtheperspectiveofdec es objectifs décisionnels, il montre à trouver un équilibre et une coordination entre les objectifs sociaux, les objectifs économiques et les objectifs de protection de l'environnement ; du point de vue du comportement décisionnel, il montre un certain degré de compromis entre les divers groupes d'intérêt.

(3)Les organisations et communautés sociales participent à la gestion sociale

Buildingaharmonioussocialistsocietyrequiresextensivepublicparticipation.Withthefurtherimprovementofmycountry'ssocialistmarketeconomicsystem, varioussocietiesTheorganizationwillparticipatemorewidelyinactivitiessuchasthedevelopmentofsocialundertakingsandtheprovisionofsocialpublicservices.Therefore, wemustimplementclassifiedmanagementofsocialorganizationsinresponsetotheproblemsfacedinthedevelopmentofsocialorganizationsinourcountry.Fordifferenttypesofsocialorganizations, thestateformulatesdifferentlawsandregulationsandimplementsdifferentmanagementmethods.Thegeneralideais: "Letgoofalargeareaandrestrictasmallpart." "Letgoofalargearea", thatis, openupservice-typesocialorganizations, letthemmaximizetheirenthusiasmandcreativitywithinthelegalframework, andcooperatewiththegovernmenttoprovidemoresocialservicestomeetthepeople'sgrowingdemandforsocialservices, "restrictions" Asmallpart "meanstorestrictthedevelopmentofsocialorganizationsthathavepoliticalintentormaycauseadversepoliticalinfluenceandmaintainsocialst En même temps,ilestnécessairedetransformer,normaliseretaméliorerlesfonctionsdegestionadministrativedugouvernementdesorganisationssociales,defournisseurdeservicespublicsaugarant,etdelapropriétédirecteetlagestionàlaformulationdesrèglesetlasurveillanceetl'évaluation.

Communityconstructionisanimportantwayformankindtorepairsocialorganismsandsolvesocialproblemsfoundinseverechallenges.Communitybuildingandcommunityservicesaremainlyaimedatspecificsocialproblemsandsocialgroupsandusingvariousmethodstohelpthosewhoneedhelp.Forexample, fromtheearlycommunitypublicservicesandblockconstructionintheUnitedStates, wemustknowthatcommunitiesarenotOmnipotent, thecharacteristicofcommunityserviceandcommunityconstructionisthatitusescommunityorganizationstoaddressproblemsinthecommunityandmobilizecommunityresidentstoparticipateintheproblem-solvingprocess, andintheprocess, realizemutualunderstanding, coopération, andcooperationamongresidents.Recognizeandrealizethecommonbelongingofthecommunity.Inthisprocess, theimportanceofcommunityorganizationisself-evident.Onlywiththeparticipationofcommunityorganizations, thegovernment'spublicservicescanbedeliveredtotheresidentsinneedinatimelymanner.Ofcourse, theneedsofresidentsdonotnecessarilyhavetobepassedontothegovernmentbycommunityorganizations. Divers services d'assistance téléphonique mis en place par le gouvernement sont également des canaux de transmission des besoins des habitants, mais la transmission des besoins publics de la communauté peut ne pas être facile à réaliser sans les organisations communautaires.

Des choix politiques pour établir et perfectionner le système de gestion sociale de notre pays

(1)Mettre en place un système et un mécanisme de gestion sociale compatibles avec l'économie de marché

Premièrement, une étude approfondie Les objets, les méthodes, les objectifs, les indicateurs de suivi de la gestion sociale et les lois, règlements et politiques sociales correspondants, élaborent des indicateurs sociaux qui répondent aux besoins de la gestion sociale et de la réglementation, et établissent et améliorent les systèmes de collecte de données.

En second lieu, wemustdeterminetheconnotationofsocialmanagementsystemreform.Whenthinkingabouttheestablishmentandimprovementofthesocialmanagementsystem, beforethereformofChina'ssocialmanagementsystem, wemustcarefullysortoutthecomplexinterestrelationships, andstrivetosolvesomesystemproblemsthataffectsocialdevelopment, mainlyinthefollowingaspects: Howtoestablishandimprovetheprocessofurban-ruralintegrationSocialmanagementandpublicservicesystemissues; thecoordinationissuesofefficiencyandfairnessinthereformoftheincomedistributionsystem; effectivesocialmanagementandregulationissuesofthegovernmentunderamixed-ownershipsocialstructure, socialundertakings (. La culture, l'éducation, la santé, la culture, les sports, etc.), incomedistribution, Sécuritésociale, unifiedlabormarketandotherfieldsofinstitutionalobstacles.Theseproblemswillrestrictmycountry » sle développementsocialetl'améliorationdel'efficacitédufonctionnementsocialpendantlongtemps.

Enfin, nous devons également traiter la question de la coordination des intérêts entre les départements gouvernementaux concernés qui gèrent le développement social.

Thesocialresourcesmanagedbythesocialdevelopmentmanagementdepartmentareactuallypublicfinancialrevenuesaftertheseconddistribution.Asweallknow, thepurposeofpublicfinanceistoimplementthecountry'ssocialwelfareandsocialsecurity, andpromotesocialequity.Theprerequisitefortheemergenceofpublicfinanceisthemarketfailure.Inthecaseofmarketfailure, theroleofgovernmentpowerorganization, basedonthepowerofthegovernment, takesthemarketfailureasthescope, performsthecountry'ssocialmanagerfunctions, andprovidespublicservicestothemarket.Publicfinancehastwobasiccharacteristics: publicandnon-profit.Itsrevenueandexpenditureactivitiesaremainlyrealizedthroughpublicbudgets, includingfundingbudgetsandpublicinvestmentbudgets.Thesocialdevelopmentmanagementdepartmentmustusepublicfinancialresourcesinlinewiththetwobasicprinciplesofpublicityandnon-profit.Withoutafundamentalunderstandingofthisproblem, wewillnotbeabletobetterservetheinterestsofthebroadmassesofpeople.Ifthisproblemisnotresolved, thesocialmanagementsystemreformwillnotbe capable de réaliser une percée fondamentale.

(2)Faire un bon travail dans le travail de base de la gestion sociale

Lackofcoordinationandunity, therewillbegreatdifficultiesincomparingandsummarizingthecountryinthefuture.Therefore, thecountryshouldorganizeexpertsResearchtogetherwithprovincestoestablishasetofsocialmanagementindicatorsystemsthatcanbeusedthroughoutthecountryandalloverthecountrytoprovidetechnicalsupportfortheestablishmentofanationalsocialmacro-controlmechanism.Toachievethegoalsofsocialmanagement, thegovernmentmustmakeitsgoalsspecificandcompilethemintomeasurablesocialindicatorsthroughtechnicaldesign, justliketheGDP, consumerpriceindex, balanceofpayments, employmentrate, andresidents'incomeineconomicdevelopment.Waitthesame.Inhistory, mycountryhasestablishedandusedanumberofsocialdevelopmentindicatorsinpractice, andrelevantdepartmentsandregionshavealsodesignedanumberofsocialindicatorsaccordingtoworkneedsandthedevelopmentofthesituation.However, thesocialindicatorsthatcanuseseveralindicatorstopredictsocialdevelopmentlikeeconomicdevelopmentarerare.Forsocialmacromanagement, thisisundoubtedlyaworldwideproblem .

(3)Réaliser une allocation raisonnable et efficace des ressources sociales

Accordingtothecharacteristicsofmycountry'scurrentstageandthedivisionoflabor, thesocialmanagementdepartmentscanbedividedintotwomajorcategoriesinprinciple, thefirstcategoryisresponsibleSocialjustice, themainmeansaretheprovisionofsocialpublicservicesandpublicgoods, includingeducation, la culture, la santé, civilaffairs, sports, laborandsocialsecurity, etc,. Thesecondcategoryisresponsibleforsocialsecurityandsocialstability, andthemainmeansareadministrationandjustice, includingpublicsecurityandjustice, sécurité, communitymanagement, safetyproduction, etc.Ofcourse, thedivisionoflaborbetweenthetwoisnotabsolute.Somedepartmentstakebothfunctionsintoaccount.Forexample, thecivilaffairsdepartment. sla constructioncommunautaireetlesorganisationsciviles,d'une part,assumentlafonctiondeservicepublicsocial,d'autre part,elleassumeégalementla tâchedesécuritésocialeetdestabilité. unrestmaybetriggered.Andsocialstabilitycancreatedevelopmentspaceandenvironmentforsocialjustice.Forexample, insocialmanagementdepartmentswithwelfareasthecore, non profitorganizationsplayanimportantrole, butanycountryisveryconcernedaboutandguardingagainstnon-profitorganizationsparticipatinginpoliticalactivities, includingtheUnitedStates.Therefore, itisnecessarytoproperlyhandletherelationshipbetweenthetwotypesofdepartments, promotemechanismandsysteminnovation, andensurethereasonableallocationofsocialpublicserviceresources.Atthesametime, itisnecessarytohandletherelationshipbetweenthevariousdepartmentswithinthetwotypesofsystemstoensuretheeffectiverealizationofsocialgoals.

Tojudgewhetheracountryattachesimportancetosocialdevelopmentornot, isnottolookatwhatitsays, buttolookatwhatitdoes, especiallyhowmuchresourcesitusesforsocialdevelopment.Judgingfrominternationalexperience, mostcountriesthatattachimportancetosocialdevelopmentwillputsocialdevelopmentinanimportantpositioninpublicfinances.Forexample, governmentinvestmentinpublichealthinOECDcountriesaccountsformorethan70% oftheirtotalinvestmentinpublichealth.Foranotherexample, aftermorethanhalfacenturyofdevelopment, Americansocialmanagementhaschangedfromanearlyself-managementmodelofsocialorganizationstoamodelofjointgovernancebygovernment, socialorganizationsandenterprises.Themainfunctionofthegovernmentissocialmanagement.Allwelfareprogramsofthefederalgovernment (includingsocialsecurity, santé, andvariouswelfareprograms) accountforalmost60% ofitsgovernmentfiscalexpenditures.Evenso, itstillcannotmeettheneedsofsociety.Americansinneedhavetoturntootherwelfareresources-privé, organisations caritatives et bénévoles. amiliesandindividuals, governmentsatalllevelsintheUnitedStatesalsodirectlyorindirectlysupportthesecharitableandvoluntaryorganizationstoprovidevarioussocialservices.Themainmethodsinclude: establishingandimprovingthelegalandregulatorysystem; encouragingprivateindividualsandcitizenstocontributetocharitythroughtaxexemptionortaxreduction.Donationsandvoluntaryorganizations; directlysupportcharitableandvoluntaryorganizationsthroughgovernmentfunds; provideindirectsupporttocharitableandvoluntaryorganizationsthroughsubsidiesandtaxrebatestoindividualswhousecharitableandvoluntaryorganizationstoprovideservices.

mycountry'ssocialmanagementsystemreforminvolvesalotofcontent.Oneofthefundamentalcontentistoreformthecurrentpublicfinancialstructureandincreasetheproportionofsocialdevelopmentinvestmentinthegovernment'sentirebudget.Toevaluateagovernment'ssocialmanagementsystem, toseeifitreallyturnstoapublicservicegovernment, thekeyistolookatthechangesinitsfiscalstructure.Ifweareapublicservicegovernment, butmostofourfiscalexpendituresarestillusedforproductiveinvestmentratherthanpublicserviceexpenditures, thenthedirectionoftheconstructionofthispublicservicegovernmentisworthyofseriousconsideration.Therefore, thereformofthesocialmanagementsystemmustfirstreformourpublicfinancesystem, especiallythepublicfinancerelatedtosocialdevelopment.Governmentfinancemustresolutelywithdrawfromthegeneralcompetitionfield, andtheexpenditurecontentofpublicfinanceforsocialdevelopmentmustbestrictlydefinedandregulatedstrictlybasedon "marketfailure" et "publicproductsandservices".

(4)Soutenir vigoureusement les affaires civiques dans le domaine social

TheFifthPlenarySessionofthe16thCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChinaproposedthat « tobuildaharmonioussocialistsociety, itisnecessarytostrengthensocialconstructionandimprovethesocialmanagementsystem, Toimprovethesocialmanagementpatternofpartycommitteeleadership, governmentresponsibility, socialcoordination, andpublicparticipation » .Governmentresponsibilitymeansthatthegovernmentformulatesrules, createstheenvironment, organizesoperationalactivities, providesservicesandbenefits, andentrustssocialorganizationstocarryoutsocialservicesthroughagreements.Thegovernment'sresponsibilitydoesnotmeanthatthegovernmentisresponsible.Thegovernmentshouldextensivelymobilizetheenthusiasmofsocialorganizationsandenterprisestoparticipateinsocialservicesthroughsysteminnovation.IntheUnitedStates, non profitorganizationsreceivefundingfromthegovernmentthroughcontractsorapplyingforgovernmentfunds, accountingfor35% ofthetotalfundingofnon-profitorganizations (2005) .InHongKong, MyCountry, cette proportion est d'environ 80 % à 100 %. egouvernementpeutencouragerlepublicàseoccuperdesaffairessocialesdedifférentesfaçons,donnerdel'argentetdutemps,etlaisserlepublicgérersesaffaires.

Thereisnodoubtthatinthereformofthesocialmanagementsystem, thegovernmentmustplayaleadingrole.Butbesidesthat, doothersubjectsstillneedtoparticipate? Parexemple, thesocialinstitutionsweusedtotalkaboutandthesocialorganizationsthathavegraduallydevelopedwiththedevelopmentofsociety.Ifwerecognizethatsocialinstitutionsandsocialorganizationsmustparticipateinthereformofthesocialmanagementsystem, howshouldtheyparticipateandhowtocooperatewiththegovernment'soverallreformstrategy? Theseissuesneedtobestudiedindepthandfurtherclarified.Inaddition, asfarasthegovernmentitselfisconcerned, therearemanygovernmentagenciesinchargeofsocialdevelopmentwithinthecurrentadministrativeframework, involvingmultipledepartmentssuchasculture, éducation, scienceandtechnology, sports, santé, civilaffairs, developmentandreform, andwhichdepartmentisthereformofthesocialmanagementsystem.Mainly, orwhichdepartmentisresponsiblefortheoverallcoordinationandplanning? Becausesocialdevelopmentisawhole, thereformofthesocialmanagementsystemrequiresanovera llconception.Cette forme de sous-secteur n'est pas propice à l'amélioration du système de gestion sociale dans son ensemble, et elle entraînera inévitablement une tendance à la sectorisation d'intérêts dans le processus de réforme.

Par conséquent, wemustthoroughlystudytheoverallpromotionofsocialmanagementsystemreform.Thesocialmanagementsystemreformduringthe "TenthFive-YearPlan" periodisthesameastheeconomicsystemreform.Alldepartmentsaredoingtheirownwork.Theactualresultsarenotconducivetothedeepeningofreformsinvariousfields, anditisnotconducivetodevelopment.Therearemanyreformstothesocialmanagementsystem, suchashealthservicereform, educationreform, culturalreform, employmentsystemreform, incomedistributionsystemreform, publicinstitutionreform, socialorganizationreform, communitymanagementsystemreform, etc.Takethereformofpublicinstitutions, thereformofassociations, andthereformofthecommunitymanagementsystemasexamples.Duringthe "TenthFive-YearPlan" période,différents départements se concentrentsurleursréformesetpoussentséparément. governmentadministrativeinstitutions.Comprehensivelypromotethereformofsocialinstitutionsandthemanagementsystemofsocialundertakings, involvingbothsocialmanagementandpublicservices.Thegoalistoimprovethegovernment'sabilitytomanagesociallifeandimprovethequalityandefficiencyofpublicservices.Thisisnotonlyanimportantpartofthefurtherimprovementofthesocialistmarketeconomicsystem, butalsohasgreatstrategicsignificancethatcannotbeignoredforthecomprehensiveconstructionofawell-offsociety.However, thereformofpublicinstitutionsisinseparablefromthereformofassociationsandthereformofthecommunitymanagementsystem.Theyareinterrelatedandrestricteachother.Takingcommunityreformasanexample, howtoreformthecommunitymanagementsystem? Inthefieldofsocialmanagement, reformsthatseparateproblemscannotbepromotedasawhole.Therefore, thereformofthesocialmanagementsystemmustintegratevarioussystems, institutions, andvariousissuesrelatedtosocialdevelopment.Thisistheoveralldirectionofthesocialmanagementsystemreforminthefuture.

①LiXueju : « Renforcer la construction et la gestion sociales pour promouvoir l'harmonie et le développement sociaux », « À la recherche de la vérité », Numéro 6,2005.

A propos de l'auteur:

Ding Yuanzhu, né en 1962, est chercheur à l'Institut de recherche macro-économique de la Commission nationale pour le développement et la réforme, et directeur et professeur du Centre de la fonction publique et de la gestion sociale de l'Université de Pékin.

Scientifique

Socialmanagementisanessentialmanagementactivityforhumansociety.Inacountrylikeourswithapopulationof1.3billionandrapideconomicandsocialdevelopment, socialmanagementtasksareevenmorearduousandonerous.Ourfundamentalpurposeofstrengtheningandinnovatingsocialmanagementistomaintainsocialorder, promotesocialharmony, ensurethatthepeopleliveandworkinpeaceandcontentment, andcreateagoodsocialenvironmentforthedevelopmentofthepartyandthecountry.Doingagoodjobinsocialmanagementandpromotingsocialharmonyarethebasicconditionsforbuildingawell-offsocietyinanall-roundwayandupholdinganddevelopingsocialismwithChinesecharacteristics.

SincethefoundingofNewChina, thepartyandthestatehavealwaysattachedgreatimportancetosocialmanagement.Theyhaveconductedlong-termexplorationandpracticefortheformationanddevelopmentofasocialmanagementsystemthatadaptstomycountry'snationalconditions, andhasachievedsignificantresultsandaccumulatedvaluableexperience.Especiallysincethereformandopeningup, inaccordancewiththedevelopmentandchangesofthedomesticandforeignsituation, wehavecontinuouslyformulatedguidelinesandpoliciesandmadeworkarrangementsforstrengtheningandimprovingsocialmanagement, whichhaseffectivelypromotedthereformandinnovationofsocialmanagement.Afterlong-termexplorationandpractice, mycountryhasestablishedasocialmanagementleadershipsystem, builtasocialmanagementorganizationnetwork, formulatedbasicsocialmanagementlawsandregulations, andinitiallyformedasocialmanagementpatternofpartycommitteeleadership, governmentresponsibility, socialcoordination, andpublicparticipation.Socialmanagementisgenerallyadaptedtomycountry'snationalconditionsandsocialis La situation globale de la société est stable et la situation sociale est généralement bonne.

À l'heure actuelle, mycountryisnotonlyinaperiodofimportantstrategicopportunitiesfordevelopment, butalsoinaperiodofprominentsocialcontradictions.Therearestillmanyproblemsinthefieldofsocialmanagement.Onthewhole, theexistingproblemsinthefieldofsocialmanagementinourcountryareaconcentratedreflectionofthelevelandphasedcharacteristicsofourcountry'seconomicandsocialdevelopment.Aftermorethan60yearsofthefoundingofthePeople'sRepublicofChina, especiallytheconstructionanddevelopmentofmorethan30yearsofreformandopeningup, mycountry'seconomicstrengthandoverallnationalstrengthhavebeensignificantlyenhanced.Thishaslaidanimportantroleforustocontinuouslymeetthepeople'sgrowingmaterialandculturalneedsandsolveproblemsinthefieldofsocialmanagement.Materialbasis.Atthesametime, thebasicnationalconditionsthatourcountryisstillinandwillbeintheprimarystageofsocialismforalongtimehavenotchanged.Themainsocialcontradictionbetweentheincreasingmaterialandculturalneedsofthepeopleandthebackwardsocialproductionhasnotchanged, andthedevelopmen elle est inégale et non coordonnée.,des problèmes non durables sont toujours au premier plan, et notre fondement matériel pour résoudre divers problèmes sociaux est encore relativement faible.

Socialmanagement, inthefinalanalysis, isthemanagementandserviceofpeople.Itinvolvesthevitalinterestsofthepeople.Itmustalwaysadheretopeople orienté, governingforthepeople, andearnestlyimplementtheparty'sfundamentalpurposeofservingthepeoplewholeheartedly, andcontinuetoachieveGood, sauvegarde, anddevelopthefundamentalinterestsoftheoverwhelmingmajorityofthepeople.Wemustadheretotheparty'smassline, upholdthepeople'sdominantposition, givefullplaytothepeople'spioneeringspirit, andfirmlyrelyonthepeopletoopenupanewsituationinsocialmanagementunderthenewsituation.Wemustpersistinrespectingthemassesideologically, beingclosetothemassesemotionally, relyingonthemassesinwork, andtakingmasssatisfactionordissatisfactionasthestartingpointandgoalofstrengtheningandinnovatingsocialmanagement.Wemustputtheinterestsofthepeopleasthemostimportantandtheexpectationsofthepeople, strivetosolvethemostdirectandpracticalinterestsofthepeople, et toujours maintenir la chair et le sang entre le parti et le peuple.

AtPresent, wemustfocusontheworkandputforward8points.First, furtherstrengthenandimprovethesocialmanagementpattern, effectivelystrengthentheleadershipoftheparty, strengthenthegovernment'ssocialmanagementfunctions, strengthenthesocialmanagementandserviceresponsibilitiesofvariousenterprisesandinstitutions, andguidevarioussocialorganizationstostrengthentheirownconstruction, enhancetheirabilitytoservesociety, andsupportPeople'sorganizationsparticipateinsocialmanagementandpublicservices, andgiveplaytothebasicroleofthemassesinsocialmanagement.Second, tofurtherstrengthenandimprovethepartyandgovernment-ledmechanismforsafeguardingtherightsandinterestsofthemasses, formascientificandeffectiveinterestcoordinationmechanism, appealexpressionmechanism, contradictionmediationmechanism, andrightsprotectionmechanism, coordinateallaspectsofinterestrelationships, andstrengthenthegovernanceofthesourceofsocialcontradictions.Properlyhandlecontradictionsamongthepeople, resolutelycorrectunhealthypracticesthatharmtheinterestsofth epeople, andearnestlysafeguardthelegitimaterightsandinterestsofthepeople.Third, furtherstrengthenandimprovethemanagementandservicesofthefloatingpopulationandspecialpopulations, establishanationalpopulationbasicinformationdatabasecoveringtheentirepopulation, establishandimprovetheactualpopulationdynamicsmanagementmechanism, andimprovethemanagementandservicepoliciesforspecialpopulations.Fourth, furtherstrengthenandimprovethegrassrootssocialmanagementandservicesystem, investmorehuman, financiers, andmaterialresourcesatthegrassrootslevel, strivetoconsolidategrassrootsorganizations, strengthengrassrootsforces, integrategrassrootsresources, strengthenbasicwork, andstrengthenurbanandruralcommunityautonomyandservicefunctions, Improvethenewcommunitymanagementandservicesystem.Fifth, furtherstrengthenandimprovethepublicsafetysystem, improvethefoodanddrugsafetysupervisionmechanism, establishasoundsafetyproductionsupervisionsystem, improvethesocialsecuritypreventionandcontrolsystem, andimprovetheemergencymanagementsyst em.Sixth, furtherstrengthenandimprovethemanagementofnon-publiceconomicorganizationsandsocialorganizations, clarifythesocialresponsibilitiesofthemanagementofnon-publiceconomicorganizationsandserveemployees, andpromotethehealthyandorderlydevelopmentofsocialorganizations.Seventh, furtherstrengthenandimproveinformationnetworkmanagement, improvethemanagementlevelofthevirtualsociety, andimprovetheonlinepublicopinionguidancemechanism.Eighth, tofurtherstrengthenandimprovetheideologicalandmoralconstruction, persevereinstrengtheningtheconstructionofsocialistspiritualcivilization, strengthentheconstructionofthesocialistcorevaluesystem, enhancethelegalawarenessofthewholesociety, carryoutin-depthactivitiestocreatespiritualcivilization, andenhancesocialintegrity.

Inordertodoagoodjobinsocialmanagement, wemustacceleratethepromotionofsocialconstructionfocusingonensuringandimprovingpeople'slivelihood.Wemusttaketheprotectionandimprovementofpeople'slivelihoodasthefundamentalstartingpointandgoalofacceleratingthetransformationofeconomicdevelopment, unswervinglyfollowthepathofcommonprosperity, improvetheinstitutionalarrangementsforensuringandimprovingpeople'slivelihood, acceleratethedevelopmentofvarioussocialundertakings, insistongivingprioritytothedevelopmentofeducation, andfocusonGoodemploymentisthefoundationofpeople'slivelihood, rationallyadjusttherelationshipofincomedistribution, acceleratetheconstructionofasocialsecuritysystemcoveringurbanandruralresidents, acceleratethereformanddevelopmentofmedicalandhealthcare, acceleratetheconstructionofahousingsecuritysystem, continuetopromotepovertyalleviation, developwomenandchildren, andfostergrowthServicesandindustriesfortheelderly, andimprovetheservicesystemforthedisabled, sothattheresultsofdevelopmentcanbetterbenefitall gens.

Partycommitteesandgovernmentsatalllevelsmustfullyunderstandthesignificanceofstrengtheningandinnovatingsocialmanagementunderthenewsituation, andcoordinateeconomicconstruction, politicalconstruction, culturalconstruction, socialconstruction, andecologicalcivilizationconstruction, andputsocialmanagementworkinMoreprominentposition, deepunderstandingandaccurategraspofthelawsofsocialmanagement, strengtheninvestigationandresearch, strengthenpolicyformulation, strengthenworkdeployment, strengthentaskimplementation, continuouslyimprovethescientificlevelofsocialmanagement, andcontinuouslypromotesocialharmonyandstability, andstrivetoachievethe "TwelfthFive-YearPlan" "Economicandsocialdevelopmentduringtheperiodwillcreatemorefavorablesocialconditionsforachievingthegrandgoalofbuildingawell-offsocietyinanall-Roundway.

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